How to Grow Agave - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Succulents Category   /   2023

Agave, a native of Mexico, is a member of the Agavaceae family. There are over 200 species of agave, with many hybrids and cultivars. The agave plant is a succulent with a rosette of thick, fleshy leaves. The leaves are armed with sharp spines and have a terminal point. The plant flowers once in its lifetime, producing a tall stalk with yellow or green flowers. After flowering, the plant dies. However, before it dies, it produces offsets or "pups" at its base, which can be removed and replanted to continue the cycle.

How to Grow Agave - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Agave plant? The Agave plant is an easy plant to grow. It is a succulent, so it does not require much water. It is a native plant to Mexico, so it can tolerate hot, dry climates. It is a slow-growing plant, so it does not need much fertilizer.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The reason for the size difference is due to the variety of Agave plant. There are over 200 species of Agave plants. Some grow to be as small as 30 cm while others can grow to be as large as 2 meters.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? When it comes to the growth of Agave plants, it is safe to say that they are not the fastest growers out there. However, they are not the slowest either. In general, Agave plants grow at an average speed. This means that they will not require too much care and attention in order to reach their full potential. The main thing that you need to remember is to give them enough space to grow. If you plant them too close together, they will not have enough room to reach their full size.

Agave Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Succulent
Family Asparagaceae
Origin Mexico, India, the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, found in the Mediterranean.

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Eventually, an Agave plant will bloom once and then die. However, it takes many years for an Agave plant to reach this point in its life cycle. Agave plants typically live for 10 to 30 years, but some species can live for up to 100 years. After an Agave plant blooms, it will produce offsets, or "pups," that can be used to propagate the plant.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Although there are many types of Agave, they all come from hot climates. The average temperature that they like is 60.8 to 84.2 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer and 50 to 62.6 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. If you live in a place with a lot of sun and not too much freezing weather, then an Agave plant may be a good choice for you.


What about the humidity? The agave plant requires high humidity to thrive. The plant will not do well in low humidity environments. The plant needs high humidity to prevent the leaves from drying out. The plant also needs high humidity to prevent the flowers from wilting.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? If you have a south-facing window in your home, you can use it to grow an agave plant. Agaves need bright light to thrive, so a south-facing window is ideal. If you don't have a south-facing window, you can grow an agave plant under artificial lights.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Agave? Although the agave is a plant that grows in very arid and dry climates, in the pot, we must provide a suitable substrate that allows it to develop correctly. For this, we will need: -3 parts of coarse sand or perlite. -2 parts of garden soil. -2 parts of humus (leafy earth). In addition, we will add bone meal, lime, or eggshell to raise the pH (it should be 6.8-7, close to neutral). It is very important that the pot has a hole, since the agave does not tolerate waterlogging.

Watering Time

How much I must water Agave? If you are thinking of adding agave plant water to your diet, you should know a few things about it. First, agave plant water is very rare. It is only found in certain parts of Mexico and is not exported. Second, agave plant water is seasonal. It is only available during the summer months. Third, agave plant water is limited. There are only a few companies that produce it and it is not widely available. Finally, agave plant water is expensive. It can cost up to $100 per liter.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. So, we need to use water-soluble fertilizer, it is enough 2 times a year: in April and July. It is better to use it in the evening, so that the sun does not burn the leaves of the agave.


How to reproduce Agave? Unless you're growing Queen Victoria's Agave, this plant multiplies by offsets, or young plants, which appear around the base of the mother plant. It's best not to move these offsets too much, as they don't transplant well. They prefer bright light but can tolerate some shade, and they like well-drained, sandy soil. Water them occasionally, spraying the leaves rather than getting the soil wet, as this plant is susceptible to root rot. If you're propagating by seed, be aware that growth is very slow. You can plant the seeds in spring.

Caring The Agave

How to care the plant? The varieties with motley leaves grow more slowly. Low-growing plants are suitable for hydroponics. Agave is a genus of monocots native to the hot and arid regions of Mexico and the southwestern United States. Some agaves are also native to tropical areas of South America. The genus Agave is mainly known for its succulent and xerophytic species that typically grow in rosettes. Plants in this genus may be considered perennial, because they require several years to mature and flower.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Agave plant? Sometimes, it's hard to impossible to revive an overwatered Agave. In this case, the root system has decayed, and the leaves have started to yellow and fall off. If you see these signs, it's best to cut your losses and start fresh with a new plant.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Agave poisonous? The reason that agave plants are not poisonous is that they don't have saponins. Saponins are glycosides that can be found in many plants, and they are known to be poisonous. However, agave plants don't have saponins, so they are not poisonous.

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