How to Grow Biophytum - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2022

Biophytum, also known as baby toes or miracle leaf, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Oxalidaceae. The genus contains about 100 species, native to tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Biophytum is a small, herbaceous plant that is easy to grow. It has fleshy, green leaves that are often variegated with silver or white. The flowers are small and white, and they bloom in clusters. Biophytum is a popular houseplant, and it is also used in landscaping and as a groundcover.

How to Grow Biophytum - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Biophytum plant? The Biophytum plant is an easy plant to grow with small difficulties. The plant does best in bright indirect light but can also tolerate low light. Keep the soil moist but not wet and fertilize monthly. The plant can be propagated by division or stem cuttings.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Unless the plant in question is a miniature or some other variety that has been bred to stay smaller, most Biophytum plants will reach a height of 10-20 cm. The leaves of the plant are usually around 5-10 cm in length.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Because of its ability to grow in low light levels, the Biophytum plant is a good choice for indoor gardening. This plant is also known for its ability to purify the air.

Biophytum Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Oxalidaceae
Origin Congo, Laos, Tropical Asia, Africa and India.

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The average lifespan of a Biophytum plant is 12 to 15 years. Some plants have been known to live for 20 years or more. The plant typically dies off in the fall and regrows in the spring.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? When the temperature is too high, the leaves of the plant begin to fall off. The optimum temperature for this plant is 77-84.2 degrees Fahrenheit in summer and not lower than 60.8 degrees Fahrenheit in winter.


What about the humidity? Sometimes, the average humidity is not enough for the plant. In this case, you need to spray the plant or keep it in a pallet with wet claydite. Also, the plant is suitable for growing in terrariums.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Eventually, the plant will need more light as it matures. For young plants, an east or west-facing window is best. If there isn't enough light, the plant will become stunted. If there is too much light, the leaves will become twisted.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Biophytum? Sometimes, gardeners find it difficult to create an acidic environment for their plants. The ideal pH for most plants is between 6.0 and 7.0, but some, like the Biophytum plant, prefer a slightly more acidic environment with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. The best way to achieve this is to mix together equal parts of deciduous compost, sand or perlite, and garden soil. Peat can also be added to the mix to create a light, slightly acidic, and fertile environment for your Biophytum plant to thrive in.

Watering Time

How much I must water Biophytum? Sometimes, it's easy to forget to water houseplants. However, Biophytum plants need to be kept moist at all times during the summer months. The best way to water these plants is with warm water. This will help the plant to absorb the water more quickly.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Common ly, we use inorganic fertilizers that contain one or more primary nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. However, these nutrients are in a chemical form that needs to be converted by soil bacteria before plants can use them. This process can take weeks or even months, which means that a lot of the fertilizer you apply gets used up by the bacteria instead of your plants. On the other hand, organic fertilizers are already in a form that plants can use, so they can start benefiting from them right away.


How to reproduce Biophytum? The plant reproduce with the help of seeds which germinate in the spring season. It is best to sow the seeds in a mixture of peat and perlite. The pot should be covered with a plastic bag and kept in an area which receives indirect sunlight or under fluorescent lamps. When the plants have 2 leaves with 6 leaflets each, they can be transplanted into a permanent earthen mixture in a separate pot.


Why Biophytum won't bloom? When in season, the flowers are white, yellow, orange. The plant is a perennial and it blooms from May to June. It is a native to the tropical forests of South America.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Biophytum? When transplanting, the plant is taken out of the old pot along with an earthy lump. The root system of the plant is high sensitivity and fragility. For this reason, the plant should be transplanted as rarely as possible. The new pot should not be more than 15 cm.

Caring The Biophytum

How to care the plant? Sometimes, when you least expect it, your Biophytum plant will develop brown spots on its leaves. These brown spots are usually the result of too much sun exposure or dry conditions. If you see brown spots on your plant, try moving it to a shadier spot and increasing the humidity around it.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Biophytum plant? Since it is a moisture-loving plant, the leaves turn yellow with insufficient watering and wrinkle due to excessive watering. Seedlings and adult plants can be seriously damaged by fungal mosquitoes. Their larvae damage the base of the stem. Affected mealybug and scab.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Biophytum poisonous? Unless the plant is thoroughly cooked, it is best to avoid eating it. The sap of the plant can cause dermatitis in some people.