How to Grow Boehmeria - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Grassy Category   /   2023

Boehmeria, also known as urtica or hemp nettle, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Urticaceae. Boehmeria comprises about 170 species, all native to tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The best-known species is Boehmeria nivea, native to eastern Asia, which was introduced into Europe and North America as an ornamental plant and has since become naturalized.

How to Grow Boehmeria - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Boehmeria plant? The Boehmeria plant is easy to grow with small difficulties. It is a fast-growing plant that can reach up to 6 feet in height. It has dark green leaves and white flowers. The plant is native to China and Japan.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The reason why the size matters is that it can give you an indication of how much space the plant will need to grow. Boehmeria typically reaches 1-1.5 m in size, so it is important to take into account the size of the pot or area in which it will be grown.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Common name: false nettle, white nettle, and wild cotton. It is a perennial herb that can grow up to 1.5 m (5 ft) tall. The leaves are opposite, ovate to lanceolate, and 2–10 cm (0.8–4 in) long and 1–4 cm (0.4–1.6 in) wide. The flowers are small, green, and borne in axillary spikes. The plant blooms from July to September. The Boehmeria plant is a very fast grower, putting out 5-6 leaves per year. It is a perennial herb that can reach a height of 1.5 meters (5 ft). The leaves are ovate to lanceolate in shape, and measure 2-10 cm (0.8-4 in) long and 1-4 cm (0.4-1.6 in) wide. The flowers are small and green, borne in axillary spikes. The plant blooms from July to September.

Boehmeria Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Grassy
Family Urticaceae
Origin Southeast Asia, Malaysia, China.

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Since it is a hardy plant, it can last for several years with the right care. It can tolerate a wide range of temperatures and prefers full sun to partial shade. It is a low-maintenance plant that is relatively drought-tolerant.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Although the Boehmeria plant is mostly found in tropical and subtropical areas, it can also be found in temperate areas. The plant prefers a warm climate and does not do well in cold climates. The plant is very sensitive to supercooling and can die if the temperature gets too low.


What about the humidity? So, the Boehmeria plant should be kept in an environment that is about 80% humidity. You can create this environment by sprinkling the plant with soft water and keeping it in moist pebbles.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? So, the best place to put your Boehmeria plant is on a southern windowsill. This will give it bright diffused light, which it needs to grow and thrive.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Boehmeria? While the plant is not too demanding on the soil, it is important to choose the right type of soil and mixture for best results. The soil must be breathable, sand or perlite should be added if it is too dense. For a mixture of own preparation, take: 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part coarse-grained sand or perlite and 2 parts peat or humus (leaf land). Always use a pot with an opening and drainage. The soil pH for Boehmeria should be 5.5-5.6.

Watering Time

How much I must water Boehmeria? Since this plant comes from tropical and subtropical regions, it loves moisture. The soil in which it grows must be constantly moist, but beware of waterlogging, as the roots of the Boehmeria can rot. Therefore, it is necessary to ventilate the soil and, if possible, make drainage holes in the pot. Also, when watering, it is necessary to make sure that water does not stand in a pan or plate under the pot, as this will also lead to the death of the plant. Water the plant 2-3 times a week during growth.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The reason to choose organic and mineral is that they provide different but complementary nutrients. For example, organic fertilizer contains nitrogen, while minerals such as calcium and phosphorus are found in mineral fertilizer.


How to reproduce Boehmeria? The reason this plant is so easy to reproduce is that it can be done in several ways. The most common method is stem cuttings, which will give roots within two weeks if placed in boiled water. Another popular method is multiplication by seeds, which should be sown in early spring. Boehmeria can also multiply by dividing the bush or dividing the rhizome. Parts of the rhizome usually germinate quickly when placed in soil.


Why Boehmeria won't bloom? The reason why this Boehmeria plant is famous is that it can bloom in the middle to the end of summer with small cream-green flowers. Even though the plant is small, the flowers are really beautiful and they have a really pleasant smell.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Boehmeria? Common ly, Boehmeria plants are transferred once in 2-3 years. However, young plants are transferred every year.

Caring The Boehmeria

How to care the plant? While Boehmeria are not typically heavy feeders, a light application of fertilizer in the spring can encourage growth. These plants do best in rich, well-drained soil that is kept evenly moist. They will tolerate some drought, but their foliage will suffer if the soil is allowed to dry out completely. Boehmeria can be easily propagated from stem cuttings taken in the spring or summer.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Boehmeria plant? While it is possible to grow in the pot, it is often found in the wild. It is a perennial plant that blooms in the summer. The flowers are small and not very showy. The plant is more often grown for its leaves, which are used in dried arrangements. The leaves are long and narrow and have a silvery sheen. They are arranged in pairs along the stem. The stems are thin and often covered with small hairs. The leaves and stems of the plant are covered with small, sharp spines.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Boehmeria poisonous? Common name: Boehmeria. Species: Boehmeria cylindrica. Family: Urticaceae. Genus: Boehmeria. Toxicity: Toxic to Humans, Large Animals. Symptoms: Irritation of Skin and Eyes. The Boehmeria plant is a common weed that is found in many gardens and lawns. This plant is toxic to humans and large animals if ingested. Symptoms of toxicity include irritation of the skin and eyes. If you suspect that your pet has ingested this plant, please contact your veterinarian immediately.