How to Grow Bouvardia - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Bush Category   /   2023

Bouvardia, also known as firecracker bush, is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee family. The genus is named after Charles Bouvard, a 17th-century French botanist. The plants are native to Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. They are evergreen shrubs or small trees with opposite, leathery leaves and tubular flowers. The flowers are typically white or pink, and they bloom in the summer.

How to Grow Bouvardia - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Bouvardia plant? The reason this plant is easy, is that it only requires basic needs such as watering and sunlight. It is also a low-maintenance plant, which means it does not need to be trimmed or fertilized often. The small difficulties with this plant are that it is susceptible to root rot and its leaves can turn yellow if it does not get enough sunlight. However, overall, the Bouvardia plant is an easy plant to care for.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The Bouvardia plant is a shrub that is 50-70 cm in height. It can reach a height of up to 90 cm.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Sometimes, plants can be average. The Bouvardia plant is an example of an average plant. It grows to be about two feet tall and has green leaves. It blooms in the summer and produces white flowers.

Bouvardia Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Bush
Family Rubiaceae
Origin Mexico

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? If you're looking for a plant that will last you more than just a few seasons, consider planting a perennial. Perennials are plants that live for more than two years, meaning they will come back year after year with the proper care. Bouvardia is a genus of flowering plants in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. The genus is named after Charles Bouvard, a French botanist and superintendent of the royal gardens at the Louvre in the early eighteenth century. There are approximately 30 species of Bouvardia, all of which are native to Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Because it is a tropical plant, it cannot tolerate freezing temperatures. In the summer, the plant prefers warm weather, and in the winter, it should not be below 44.6 degrees Fahrenheit.


What about the humidity? Since the Bouvardia plant comes from tropical regions, it requires high levels of humidity to thrive. In its natural habitat, the relative humidity is usually above 50%. However, the plant can easily tolerate periods of low humidity, as long as it is not prolonged.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Common ly known as the bouvardia plant, this species is native to Mexico and Central America. It is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to six feet tall. The bouvardia plant prefers a sunny location with a southern exposure. Adequate light is necessary for the plant to produce flowers and maintain a compact shape.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Bouvardia? So, the best bouvardia plant soil is a mix of two parts of leaf land, two parts of soddy soil, and one part of coarse-grained sand. This mix provides good drainage for the plant while also giving it the nutrients it needs to thrive.

Watering Time

How much I must water Bouvardia? If the Bouvardia plant is in a pot, it is necessary to water it so that the water flows out of the pot and into the saucer. It is necessary to water abundantly, so that the soil seeps from the pot into the pan. However, the soil must dry before irrigation. In the period of rest water no more often than every 6-8 days.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. While most plants like a good drink, the Bouvardia plant is a little different. This plant prefers to be on the drier side, so instead of liquid fertilizer every week, it's best to fertilize every two weeks from spring to autumn. If you notice the lower leaves beginning to pale and fall off, it's a sign that the plant isn't getting enough fertilizer. In this case, you should increase the frequency of feeding.


How to reproduce Bouvardia? Eventually, every gardener will want to multiply their plants. Many plants are easily propagated by taking cuttings from the parent plant. The Bouvardia is one such plant. The best time to take stem cuttings is in the spring when the soil temperature is between 68 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit. You can also multiply Bouvardia by dividing the rhizomes, but this is a more difficult method.


Why Bouvardia won't bloom? Because of the many tiny flowers that make up its corymbose inflorescences, the Bouvardia plant looks like it is blanketed in snow when it is in bloom. The plant's blooming season is from late spring to early autumn, and the flowers are white or pink.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Bouvardia? Unless the plant becomes pot-bound, it does not need frequent transfer. For pot-bounded plants, it is best to transfer every year to a larger pot when the plant is up to three years old. After the plant takes a pot 20 cm in diameter, it is advisable only to change the top layer of the soil.

Caring The Bouvardia

How to care the plant? The reason it's good to take the plant in the garden in the summertime is because the spring season is when it needs the most pruning. This is because the shoots on the plant tend to stretch during this time. To help combat this, you should pinch the tops of the plant to encourage bushiness. Also, since the plant is relatively young, the shoots will need support. As for the room where the plant is kept, it's important to ventilate it.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Bouvardia plant? If you don't carefully monitor your Bouvardia plant, it can be taken over by whiteflies, mites, mealybugs, and aphids. If the infestation is bad enough, the roots of your Bouvardia plant can rot, especially in winter.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Bouvardia poisonous? When this plant is ingested, it can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. In severe cases, it can lead to seizures, coma, and death.