How to Grow Camellia - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Bush Category   /   2023

Camellia, also known as tea plant, is an evergreen shrub that blooms in late winter or early spring. Camellia plants are native to Asia, and have been cultivated for centuries. The camellia plant is known for its beautiful, fragrant flowers and its glossy, dark green leaves. Camellias are relatively easy to grow, and make excellent ornamental plants.

How to Grow Camellia - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Camellia plant? The camellia flower is native to Asia and is a symbol of grace and perfection. The plant is easy to grow and does not require much care. However, it prefers high humidity, acidic soil and cool content.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The average height of a camellia plant is 50 cm to 1.5-3 m. However, there are some camellia species that can grow up to 5 m in height.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The camellia is a flowering shrub that is native to Asia. These plants are typically evergreen and can grow to be quite large, reaching heights of up to 20 feet. They have glossy, dark green leaves and beautiful flowers that come in a variety of colors, including white, pink, and red. Camellias are popular ornamental plants and are often used in landscaping.

Camellia Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Bush
Family Theaceae
Origin China, Japan, Taiwan, India, Indonesia

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Although camellias are long-lived shrubs, they may only live for 15 to 20 years in the wild. The average lifespan of a camellia shrub is 50 years, but some specimens have been known to live for 100 years or more with proper care.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The plant Camellia is flowering plant and belongs to the family Theaceae. The optimum temperature for Camellia plant is 18-21°C. The plant grows well in partial shade. The minimum temperature at which Camellia can flower is 10°C.

Humidity

What about the humidity? The Camellia plant does best in high humidity, so it is important to spray it at least once a day with soft water. It is also a good idea to put the pot in a tray with wet pebbles, so that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water. This will help to keep the humidity levels up around the plant.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Because Camellias are understory plants in their native habitats, they prefer bright, but indirect sunlight. Young plants especially will need some shading from direct sunlight, but as they mature, they will be more tolerant of direct sun. However, Camellias still prefer bright, scattered sunlight to direct sunlight.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Camellia? So, the best soil for planting camellias is the one that is slightly acidic. The second main condition is that the soil must not be waterlogged because camellias do not tolerate stagnation of water. For this, it is necessary to prepare a mixture of several different soils: peat, humus, turf, sand and forest floor. You can also add some garden loam to this mixture. All these ingredients must be mixed in equal proportions. It is also necessary to provide good drainage so that water does not stagnate in the soil and the roots of the camellia do not rot.

Watering Time

How much I must water Camellia? Since camellia is a flowering plant, during summer it's important to water it regularly so the soil doesn't dry out. It's best to use soft water and to add lemon juice to the irrigation water (a few drops per liter of water) every couple of weeks. You can also use rainwater or water from the fridge. Watering should be more moderate in winter, but the soil should never be allowed to dry out completely, not even during winter. Stagnant moisture will make the leaves turn brown and the buds will fall off. If there isn't enough watering, the leaves will scatter. If the soil is heavy, watering should be limited. It's better to use light soils; in this case, watering should be more frequent.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. known as the tea plant, Camellia sinensis is a beautiful evergreen that produces glossy green leaves and white, pink, or red flowers, depending on the cultivar. A native of Asia, Camellia sinensis is hardy in USDA zones 7 through 9. If you live outside these zones, you can still grow camellias as houseplants. When grown outdoors, camellias prefer a location with dappled sunlight or morning sun and afternoon shade. They also like slightly acidic, well-drained soil.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Camellia? Since camellias can be propagated by both seeds and cuttings, it is possible to get plants that will bloom earlier if cuttings are taken from varietal camellias and planted on seed-grown plants. In this way, it is possible to achieve flowering as early as the fourth year after planting. Camellias are also often propagated by air layers, which is a method of vegetative propagation. It is done by wounding the stem of a camellia plant and then covering the wound with moss. The moss is then covered with soil and the whole area is kept moist. After a few weeks, the Camellia will have produced roots, at which point the air layer can be cut away from the parent plant and transplanted.

Bloom

Why Camellia won't bloom? While Camellia plants are native to Asia, they have been introduced all over the world and are now grown in gardens in many countries. They are popular because they can bloom indoors or outdoors, in a wide range of colors. The flowers usually bloom from November to February.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Camellia? Since the camellia is originally a forest plant, it does not tolerate direct sunlight and strong winds. It is better to choose a place for it on the east or north side of the house. It is transplanted annually young plants, and adults, as a rule, no more than 2-3 times in 10-15 years. Only if the pot is small. The plant is transplanted before the beginning of its growth in winter – from November to February. When transplanting, you can not cover the root of the plant.

Caring The Camellia

How to care the plant? While Camellias are generally low-maintenance plants, there are a few things you can do to ensure optimal growth and flowering. In summer, it is best to keep the plant outdoors, in a garden or on a balcony. However, Camellias should be protected from drafts and strong winds. Do not put a pot of Camellia in a water tank. Immediately after flowering, it is necessary to remove the spent blooms. If many buds are formed, it is useful to remove some of them, in order to improve the flowering of the rest. During budding, the plant should not be moved: this can cause the buds to fall off. It is also useful to cut weak shoots in spring and pinch the tops of branches for better branching.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Camellia plant? The plant is affected by many pests: spider mites, chervets, aphids, scutes, thrips, whitefly. If the moisture is excessive, the roots can begin to rot. Flowers and buds can fall due to sudden temperature changes, or if you just touch the plant. Camellia also suffers from fungal diseases, which are black-gray and brown spots on the leaves.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Camellia poisonous? When ingested, it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you come in contact with the plant, it can cause irritation to the skin.