How to Grow Caryota - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Trees Category   /   2023

Caryota, commonly known as Caryota palm, is a genus of palms native to southeastern Asia and Australasia. They are commonly called fishtail palms because of the shape of their leaves. Caryota palms are large, single-trunked palms that can grow up to 50 feet tall. They have large, compound leaves that are divided into many narrow, finger-like lobes. The flowers are small and borne in clusters at the base of the leaves. The fruits are large, oval-shaped, and contain a single seed. Caryota palms are grown in tropical and subtropical climates for their ornamental value.

How to Grow Caryota - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Caryota plant? The Caryota is an easy to grow palm that can thrive in a wide range of climates and soil conditions. It is a fast grower and can reach heights of up to 30 feet in just a few years. The Caryota is a popular choice for landscaping because of its tropical appearance and its ability to tolerate cold weather.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Although Caryota plants can grow quite large in the wild (up to 30 m tall!), they are typically much smaller when grown in a pot. Most Caryota plants that are grown in pots only reach heights of 1 to 3 m.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? known as the "fishtail palm", is a monotypic genus in the palm family, Arecaceae. Caryota palms are among the largest palms in the world. The Caryota genus includes only a single species, Caryota mitis, which is commonly known as the "fishtail palm". The fishtail palm is a monotypic genus in the palm family, Arecaceae. Caryota palms are among the largest palms in the world. The fishtail palm is native to tropical regions of Asia, from India to China and Indonesia. The fishtail palm is a fast-growing palm that can reach heights of 20-30 m (66-98 ft). The palm has a wide, spreading crown of leaves that can measure up to 6 m (20 ft) in diameter. The leaves are pinnate, with 60-90 leaflets on each leaf. The leaflets are arranged in a fishtail-like pattern, hence the palm's common name. The fishtail palm is an important source of timber and palm sugar in many parts of Asia.

Caryota Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Tree
Family Aracaceae
Origin India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The Caryota genus contains some of the most gigantic palms in the world. The Caryota plant has a lifespan of around 25 years. Caryota palms are very fast-growing, and they can grow up to 3 feet in a single year. However, they are also very susceptible to wind damage, and they often do not survive for more than 10 years in the wild.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The Caryota genus is a group of palm trees native to Southeast Asia and Australasia. They are commonly known as fishtail palms because of their unique leaf shape. Caryota plants prefer warm climates and will not tolerate temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit. In summer, the upper temperature limit for Caryota plants is 64.4 degrees Fahrenheit. At higher temperatures, regular spraying is required to keep the plants healthy. In winter, the temperature should not fall below 60.8 degrees Fahrenheit.


What about the humidity? If the humidity is too low, the leaves will start to turn brown and fall off. If you see this happening, increase the humidity by either misting the plant with water or placing it on a pebble tray. Misting should be done every day in summer and every other day in winter. If the plant is near a radiator, you may need to mist it 2-3 times a day.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? When growing Caryota, a bright diffused light is best. Place the plant in a tub near the south-west or south-east window. However, the plant will adapt to partial shade conditions if necessary.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Caryota? While the Caryota genus is native to tropical climatic regions and prefers high humidity, good drainage, and filtered sunlight, ready-made ground is suitable for planting. For those who want to prepare the ground themselves, take equal parts of clay and turf, add humus, ground sheet, peat, and sand. The plant will need a pot with a hole.

Watering Time

How much I must water Caryota? The Caryota plant is a tropical palm that is native to Southeast Asia and can grow up to 100 feet tall. It has a trunk covered with spines and large, compound leaves. The Caryota plant is an evergreen, meaning it will keep its leaves year-round. It is a fast-growing plant and can grow up to 3 feet per year. The Caryota plant is a monoecious plant, meaning it has both male and female flowers on the same plant. The flowers are small and white and grow in clusters. The Caryota plant is pollinated by bees. The Caryota plant produces a drupe, which is a fleshy fruit with a hard seed inside. The Caryota plant is grown in tropical climates and can be found in rainforests, swamps, and on the edges of forests. It prefers humid climates and needs lots of water to grow. The Caryota plant is not frost-tolerant and will die if exposed to frost.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Because it's a fast-growing plant, it's important to fertilize regularly. Use a soluble fertilizer for palms and feed every 2-4 weeks from spring to autumn.


How to reproduce Caryota? The Caryota is a genus of palm that is native to Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. The Caryota is a monocot and is in the Arecaceae family. The Caryota genus has about 16 species. The Caryota mitis is the most common species in cultivation. Caryota palms are also known as Wine palm, Beer palm, Toddy palm, or Fishtail palm. The Caryota is a fast-growing palm that can grow up to 30 feet tall. The Caryota palm has a single trunk that is covered with old leaf bases that give the trunk a fishtail appearance. The Caryota palm has large, pinnate leaves that can be up to 10 feet long. The Caryota palm produces small, white flowers that are borne in large, showy inflorescences. The Caryota palm is dioecious, meaning that there are male and female Caryota palms. The male Caryota produces pollen that is disseminated by the wind to pollinate the female Caryota. The female Caryota produces a woody, orange-red fruit that is about the size of a tennis ball. The Caryota fruit contains a large seed that is surrounded by a sweet, edible pulp. The Caryota palm is propagated by seed, offsets, and air layering.


Why Caryota won't bloom? While the Caryota plant is a native to the tropical regions of Asia, in the home, it blooms extremely rarely. In nature, the Caryota flowers between 5-7 years, and then dies. The length of the inflorescences (the part of the plant that holds the flowers) can hang down between 1-3 meters.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Caryota? Since Caryota palms are known not to respond well to transplanting, young plants are only transferred every two years during the spring. For larger specimens, it is only necessary to change the topsoil.

Caring The Caryota

How to care the plant? The Caryota genus contains some of the most unusual-looking palm trees in the world. They are easily recognizable by their massive, fishtail-like leaves. The leaves can grow up to 9 feet (3 m) long and 2.5 feet (0.8 m) wide!

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Caryota plant? If you do not comply with the temperature regime, the leaves of the plant will fade. In addition, the plant is very demanding of watering. If you do not water it on time, the leaves will turn yellow. Also, the plant does not like too much sunlight. If the plant is in direct sunlight, then on the leaves will appear light dry spots.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Caryota poisonous? Because the Caryota plant contains crystals of oxalate, coming into contact with the plant can cause symptoms ranging from redness, itching and rash, to painful blisters and skin burns. If the juice from the plant is ingested, it can cause pain and irritation of the lips, mouth and tongue. In severe cases, it can cause difficulty breathing and swelling of the throat.