How to Grow Cineraria - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2022

Cineraria, also known as Pericallis, is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, native to the Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Azores. They are evergreen or semi-evergreen subshrubs growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall and wide, with simple, toothed leaves and daisy-like flowers in shades of blue, purple, pink, and white, in spring and summer.

How to Grow Cineraria - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Cineraria plant? known as the cineraria plant, is a flowering plant that is a member of the Asteraceae family. The cineraria plant is native to the Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Azores. The cineraria plant is also found in North Africa, Europe, and the Mediterranean. The cineraria plant is an annual plant that grows to a height of 12 to 18 inches. The cineraria plant has blue, white, or pink flowers that bloom from May to June. The cineraria plant is a popular houseplant and is used in many gardens.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The size of a cineraria plant can range from 30-60 cm in length. To obtain a dwarf and compact plant, one must use growth regulators.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? While most plants grow at a rate of 1-2 centimeters per year, cineraria can grow up to 20-30 centimeters per year. This is due to the high amount of water and nutrients that the plant absorbs. The cineraria plant is native to the Canary Islands and is known for its strikingly beautiful flowers.

Cineraria Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Asteraceae (Compositeae)
Origin Canary Islands

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The plant is usually grown for 1 year and discarded after flowering. Or, the plant is renewed again from the seeds.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? known that the plant is thermophilic and prefers a warm, sunny climate. But in our country it is grown as a houseplant, so the temperature conditions must be created artificially. So, in the summer it is better to maintain the temperature at 77 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 53.6-60.8 degrees Fahrenheit at night. In winter, the optimum temperature is 59-64.4 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature is too high, the inflorescence falls off more quickly. Long bloom is possible only with cool content.

Humidity

What about the humidity? Unless the air is very dry, the average room humidity is suitable for cineraria. In fact, it's desirable to spray the air around the cineraria from time to time, without getting on its flowers.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? So, it's better to give the plant some shading from the sun's rays. If the plant is in too much direct sunlight, the flowers will wither quickly. The best lighting situation for a cineraria is partial shade.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Cineraria? Although you can use the store's substrate for plants, it's best to use a mix of peat (pH 6), sheet earth, sand, or perlite for a more fertile mixture. Make sure the pot you use has an opening and drainage holes.

Watering Time

How much I must water Cineraria? So, it's every 4-6 days in summer, and the ground should be a little wet all the time. When you water it, be careful that the water doesn't get on the flowers. But also make sure that the water doesn't sit in the pot; too much moisture will rot the roots. If it gets too wet or too dry, the plant will die.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. While this plant does not need fertilizer to survive, many growers choose to use it to help the plant grow faster and produce more blooms. Fertilizer is typically applied once every two weeks, using a standard fertilizer solution.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Cineraria? The cineraria plant can reproduce by seeds. The seeds have good germination and can last for 3-4 years. Sowing can be done from July to November at a temperature of 68-71.6 degrees Fahrenheit. The seeds usually germinate in 10-12 days. After the plant has two leaves, the seedlings can be divided. The plant usually blooms in the same winter.

Bloom

Why Cineraria won't bloom? So, the cineraria blooms from January to April. The baskets it forms are white, pink, red, blue, or purple and they look a lot like daisy flowers.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Cineraria? Since Cineraria are mainly grown as annuals, transplantation is not usually required. However, if you want to move your Cineraria to a new location, it is best to do so in the spring. Choose a cool, overcast day to transplant your Cineraria. Water the plant well the day before you plan to move it. This will help to reduce transplant shock.Dig up the entire plant, being careful to keep as much of the root ball intact as possible. Replant the Cineraria in a hole that is twice as wide and just as deep as the root ball. Water well and mulch around the plant to help retain moisture.

Caring The Cineraria

How to care the plant? Eventually, all cineraria plants will need to be replaced as they only bloom for a few years. To encourage more blooming, remove spent flowers and gently pinch back the tips of the plant. It is also important to provide good ventilation for the plant as it does not like stagnant air. The plant can be grown outdoors, but you should buy plants with a small number of blossoming flowers and a lot of buds.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Cineraria plant? Sometimes, it is most commonly affected by aphids. As a rule, the plant dies after flowering. Also affected whiteflies and mealy dew. If water gets on the leaves or baskets they can cause gray mold.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Cineraria poisonous? The Cineraria plant is toxic to both humans and animals and should be kept away from children and pets. The plant contains a chemical called cinerin, which is toxic to the liver and kidneys. Cinerin is also a skin irritant, so people who are allergic to the plant may experience a rash or hives. If the plant is ingested, it can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. If you suspect that someone has ingested the plant, call Poison Control immediately.