How to Grow Clematis - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Shrubs Category   /   2023

Clematis, also known as "old man's beard," is a flowering vine that produces large, showy blooms. It is a popular plant for gardens and trellises, and can be grown in a wide range of climates. Clematis is a relatively easy plant to grow, and can be propagated from cuttings or seed. With proper care, a clematis plant can produce flowers for many years.

How to Grow Clematis - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Clematis plant? Because of the wide clematis varieties range, there are both easy-to-grow and demanding plants. The most unpretentious are Flora, Boulevard, Garland, Sugar Candy. They will feel good both in the sun and in the partial shade. Clematis of Madame Julia Correvon, Niobe, Snow Queen, Bees Jubilee, Carnaby, Dawn, Fireworks, Lady Northcliffe, Royalty group need more attention. They grow well in the sun or in partial shade.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Unless you are growing a miniature variety, expect your clematis to reach at least 50 cm in height. Some varieties can even grow up to 1 m or more. If you are growing clematis in an apartment, it is better to use low-growing varieties (no higher than 2.5 m), blooming on last year’s shoots. However, it should be taken into account that even the most compact varieties reach a length of 1.8 m.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The plant can grow up to 20 cm per day, which is very high compared to other plants. The plant is mostly found in the second-third year, but can be found in other years as well. The plant is native to Europe and Asia, but can be found in other parts of the world as well.

Clematis Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Shrub
Family Ranunculus – Ranunculaceae
Origin Different regions of Europe and Asia.

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Although it’s possible to start Clematis plantforcing again after several years of growing it outdoors, the room is usually only cultivated for about 3 years. After that, it’s planted in the garden. So, the Clematis plant usually has a lifespan of 3 years, but it can be longer if it’s grown outdoors.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? If you want your Clematis plant to thrive, you need to pay attention to the temperature of its content. In summer, the optimum temperature is + 69,8-73,4 ° F. It is very useful to place the plant on a balcony or take it out to the garden. For the winter, clematis is transferred to a cool dark place (for example, to a basement or garage) and carried to the window in about January-February. It is best to place the plant on a heated balcony so that the temperature is about + 46,4-59 ° F, otherwise at a higher temperature the plant can discard the buds. After their appearance, the temperature can be raised to + 64,4 ° F.

Humidity

What about the humidity? The plant does not require high humidity, but it does need good ventilation. Stagnant air can lead to the development of various diseases. However, during periods of intense heat, frequent spraying is necessary.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? The plant requires a lot of lighting, at least 6 hours of direct sun daily. The best location for the plant is a south, south-west window or southeast window. The plant will require shading on the southern side during the summer. If there is a lack of light, it can change the color of flowers, it can be pale green or the plant may not bloom at all. Therefore, in February-March, additional illumination is often used.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Clematis? So, the plant grows best in a sunny spot with moist, but well-drained soil. If your soil is heavy, mix in some sand or grit to improve drainage. Clematis also like a little bit of fertilizer to help them grow. You can use a general-purpose fertilizer or Clematis Food. Apply fertilizer in early spring and again in mid-summer.

Watering Time

How much I must water Clematis? known as one of the most attractive flowering vines, clematis can be found in a variety of colors including white, pink, purple, and red. This plant is a great addition to any garden, but it does require more intensive irrigation than other plants. You can water clematis from a watering can or from a hose. In the summer, the soil should be kept moist at all times. In the winter, clematis should be watered less frequently to prevent the soil from drying out completely.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The plant fertilizer should be applied at least once a month and the best fertilizer to use is a complex fertilizer with the ratio of 10:20:10 for nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Clematis? So, the apartment uses seedlings grown in the garden for expelling the clematis. You can Propagate it by taking cuttings from the middle part of the shoot in a glass with a mixture of peat and perlite at a temperature of + 77 ° F. It is better to use a greenhouse or cover the cups with polyethylene. Also, you can propagate it by dividing the bush. Some varieties are propagated by seeds.

Bloom

Why Clematis won't bloom? The Stargate has flowers of blue, pink, and white. It is important to remove old flowers in a timely manner, as well as any faded plant material. This can be done by cutting them back or by planting them in the garden.

Caring The Clematis

How to care the plant? The plant requires large pots, support, and regular pruning. There are three types of clematis, and each has its own requirements for pruning.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Clematis plant? Although it is a beautiful and popular plant, it is often affected by pests. The main pests of clematis are whitefly, aphids, spider mites. Also, the plant is susceptible to fungal infections.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Clematis poisonous? The plant contains a protoanemonin glycoside, which is irritating and toxic to humans and domestic animals.