How to Grow Cotyledon - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Succulents Category   /   2022

Cotyledon, which is also known as stonecrop, is a genus of succulent plants that are native to Africa, Madagascar, and southern Europe. The plants in this genus typically have thick, fleshy leaves and stems, and they produce small, yellow or white flowers. Cotyledon plants are easy to grow, and they make excellent houseplants.

How to Grow Cotyledon - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Cotyledon plant? Although most cotyledons are easy to grow, some can be a little more challenging. The key to success is to start with a healthy plant. Make sure the plant has enough light and water, and don't let it dry out. If you're having trouble getting the plant to germinate, try using a heat mat. Once the plant has germinated, it's important to keep an eye on it and make sure it doesn't get too much sun or heat. If the plant starts to wilt, it's probably not getting enough water.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Sometimes, the plants are as small as 30 cm in height and width. In other cases, they can grow up to 70 cm in height and width. This variation in size is due to the different species of Cotyledon.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The Cotyledon is a genus of plants in the Crassulaceae family, native to Africa, Madagascar, and southern Asia. Various species are grown as ornamental plants for their attractive flowers and foliage. The Cotyledon is a genus of plants in the Crassulaceae family, native to Africa, Madagascar, and southern Asia. Various species are grown as ornamental plants for their attractive flowers and foliage. The leaves are opposite and often fleshy, with a toothed or lobed margin. The flowers are borne in clusters and have five petals. The fruit is a fleshy drupe.

Cotyledon Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Succulent
Family Crassulaceae
Origin Distribution area – from the Arabian Peninsula to South Africa

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? When a cotyledon plant reaches the age of 3-5 years, it will require rejuvenation. This process includes removing the old leaves and stems, as well as replanting the cotyledon in fresh soil. After rejuvenation, the plant will typically live for another 3-5 years before it will require another round of rejuvenation.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The reason for this is that the plant does not tolerate high temperatures in the summer and low temperatures in the winter. So, if you want to keep your plant healthy, it is best to keep it in a room where the temperature is not too high in the summer and not too low in the winter.


What about the humidity? If you are growing Cotyledon indoors, the level of humidity in the room does not need to be monitored. This is because the plant is indifferent to the level of humidity. However, if you are growing Cotyledon outdoors, it is important to make sure that the level of humidity is not too low, as this can cause the leaves to dry out and die.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Eventually, the plant will need to be turned so that all sides receive the right amount of light. For the Cotyledon to grow properly, it is best to place it near a south or southeast-facing window where it will receive direct sunlight for part of the day. In the summer, however, shading may be necessary as too much direct sunlight can cause the leaves to turn red and burn. To encourage better flowering, from August onwards, the plant should not be in direct sunlight for more than 9 hours a day. The rest of the time, it can be kept in a dark place with a cover over it.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Cotyledon? Although the plant is drought-resistant, the soil in which it grows must have good drainage. For a mixture of your own preparation, take: 3 parts of coarse sand or perlite, 2 parts turf ground, 2 parts of humus (leaf earth), 2 parts peat. The soil should not be heavy.

Watering Time

How much I must water Cotyledon? Eventually, the top layer of soil should dry well between waterings during the summer. The plant should be watered once a week from April to September, and then not watered at all from November to January. In February and March, it should be watered 1-2 times a month with soft water. Excess water should be drained from the pan.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Common ly known as coty, cotyledon is a genus of succulent plants that contains about 60 species. These plants are native to South Africa and thrive in warm, dry climates. Although they are drought-tolerant, they need regular watering and feeding during their growth period, which is from spring to summer. For best results, use a fertilizer for cacti and succulents that contains a high percentage of phosphorus. Feed every 2-3 weeks at half the recommended dose.


How to reproduce Cotyledon? known as baby toes, It multiplies easily in the spring with apical cuttings 8-10 cm in length and leaves, which should be taken in the spring – in the beginning of summer from the branches of the current growth. Can be treated with heteroauxin. Root in peat, sand under polyethylene, peridetically aired at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F. Sand from time to time spray. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into separate pots and placed in conditions of bright scattered light. The tips of the shoots are pricked after the appearance of the third pair of leaves. Also propagate with a separate sheet. Can be propagated by seeds that are sown in February in a mixture of leaf land and sand (the seeds should not be sprinkled with earth, it can be lightly sprinkled with sand) and germinated at a temperature of 53,6-57,2 ° F. The plates are covered with glass or polyethylene, the substrate is periodically sprayed and ventilated. Fresh seeds germinate in 1-2 weeks. Shoots dive and expose to light. The second pick is held in early summer. Watered poorly, it is preferable to spray.


Why Cotyledon won't bloom? The Cotyledon round-leaved blooms in July – August, wavy – in March – June. Tubular flowers of various colors, often collected in paniculate inflorescences.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Cotyledon? While the pot is still small, you can transplant the cotyledon annually in March. Once the pot reaches a diameter of 15 cm, you can only change the top layer of soil. You can also pour a layer of pea gravel around the neck cotyledon to help retain moisture.

Caring The Cotyledon

How to care the plant? The cotyledon is a plant that can sometimes discard its leaves during the summer months. In order to keep the leaves from drying out, it is best to keep them in a dry environment. The cotyledon should also be kept in a location where it will not be touched too much, so that the mealy plaque is not erased from the leaves. If the cotyledon plant is extruded, the upper part can be rooted, and the lower part of the stem can give new shoots.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Cotyledon plant? The main problems that can arise in its cultivation, associated with the defeat of spider mites, mealybugs, scutes, aphids. Also, the plant is susceptible to various diseases: the root system and base of the stem can rot from constant overflow, leaves - mold and blackened due to powdery mildew, lower leaves turn yellow and dry up from insufficient moisture in the soil. The plant may stretch and slow down due to lack of light and nutrition. Sometimes a plant can wither for no apparent reason due to the development of the rootbug.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Cotyledon poisonous? known as baby's tears, is a common houseplant that can cause serious illness in infants and toddlers if ingested The Cotyledon plant, also known as baby's tears, is a common houseplant that can cause serious illness in infants and toddlers if ingested. The plant contains a toxic sap that can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and seizures in young children. If you have young children in your home, it is important to keep this plant out of their reach.