How to Grow Cyclamen - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2023

Cyclamen, also known as sowbread, is a genus of 23 flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. Cyclamen species are native to Europe, the Mediterranean Basin, and Africa, from Morocco and Portugal in the west to Turkey in the east. They grow from tubers and are valued for their flowers with upswept petals and variably patterned leaves.

How to Grow Cyclamen - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Cyclamen plant? Unless you have a green thumb, it is best to avoid the Cyclamen plant. These plants require a lot of care, and even then they often don't make it. If you're set on getting one, be prepared to give it the attention it needs.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The plant usually grows from 5 to 30 cm in height. However, the size of the plant can vary depending on the species. For example, the Cyclamen hederifolium can grow up to 60 cm in height.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Because the size of the corms determines the number of leaves and flowers on a Cyclamen plant, you can expect larger corms to produce more foliage. This makes them ideal for use as ground cover or in hanging baskets where their cascading leaves will create a lovely effect. If you want a plant that produces an abundance of flowers, choose a corm that is on the large size.

Cyclamen Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Primulaceae
Origin Asia Minor and Northern Africa

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The plant will die after it has flowered for the final time, which is generally when the plant is around 4-5 years old. However, the size of the flowers will get smaller as the plant ages.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? So, the optimum temperature for cyclamen at home is in the range of 53.6-60.8 degrees Fahrenheit. However, in summer it is better to take the plant on a balcony or in the garden. The temperature in this case should be in the range of 53.6-75.2 degrees Fahrenheit.

Humidity

What about the humidity? The plant should be kept high, with the spray coming from above at least once a day. This should be done with soft water so that the water droplets don't fall on the flowers and damage them. The pot should be placed on a tray with wet pebbles, so that the bottom of the pot doesn't come into contact with the water.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Since this plant does best in bright, indirect sunlight, a west or east window is the best location for it in your home. If you have a south-facing window, that will work, too, as long as the light is not too direct.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Cyclamen? known as Florist's cyclamen or Sowbread, is a genus of 23 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. Cyclamen species are native to temperate Europe and the Mediterranean Basin east to Iran, with one species in montane Africa. They grow from tubers and are valued for their flowers with upswept petals and variably patterned leaves. The soil for a cyclamen plant should be well-drained and rich in organic matter. A good mix for cyclamen would be two parts peat moss to one part each of perlite and sand. The soil should be kept moist but not soggy.

Watering Time

How much I must water Cyclamen? The plant should be watered about 2-3 times a week during flowering. Make sure the soil does not dry up, but water should not stagnate. It is better to pour water into the pan. The plant should never stand in water. After flowering for about two months, the plant is at rest. The plant is placed in a cool place. At this time, water it should be moderate, no more than 1 time a week. When new leaves appear in June-July, watering should be increased again.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Since spring to autumn, every two weeks we need to give liquid fertilizer to our cyclamen plant. It's best to use a balanced fertilizer that has an equal ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Cyclamen? Sometimes, people want to know how to grow cyclamens from seed. Cyclamen plants are usually propagated by seed. The easiest way to sow cyclamen seeds is to mix the seeds with peat and sand. Then, the mixture should be lightly sprinkled with soil. The seeds should be at a depth of about 0.5 to 1 cm. Once the seeds are in the soil, put them in a dark place and germinate at a temperature of 64.4 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit. After the appearance of seedlings, they are transferred to light. When seedlings grow up, they are planted in separate pots. The plants grown from seeds bloom on the 2nd-4th year. Cyclamen plants can also be multiplied by dividing the tuber when transplanting the plant.

Bloom

Why Cyclamen won't bloom? The reason for the blooming is to make sure that the next generation of the plant will have a place to grow. The blooming also protects the plants from getting eaten by predators.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Cyclamen? The best time for transplanting a cyclamen is after the end of the rest period, when new leaves begin to appear. The old, dead leaves are removed at the same time. The plant is transplanted into a shallow pot, in a crockery. Flowering is better. The tuber is deepened by half.

Caring The Cyclamen

How to care the plant? Eventually, after the flowers have all wilted and died, the plant will enter a period of rest. During this time, it's important to not allow any drafts to reach the plant, as it will not tolerate them. Additionally, keep the pot away from any cigarettes or other smoking materials, as the gas and smoke will harm the plant. As the flowers wilt, twist them at the base and remove them from the plant. The same goes for any wilted or yellowed leaves. Use a soft brush to clean the remaining leaves.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Cyclamen plant? Common problems are spider mites, cyclamen mites, aphids, scutes, and thrips. If you see the leaves have turned yellow and have brown patches, this may be a sign of botrytis fungus infection. All affected leaves should be cut off and after treatment with fungicide, transfer the plant to better ventilation conditions. Yellowing and falling leaves indicates too high a temperature in the room and an insufficient amount of light. The roots and base of the stem rot with an excess of moisture. The intensity of irrigation should be reduced and the plant should be drained. Slow growth, small leaves and lack of flowering indicate a lack of nutrients in the soil, feeding is required. The leaves dry and curl because of dry air, heat and / or insufficient watering. Light spots on the leaves appear from excess light, especially if the leaves get water during spraying. The corms decay if water gets into it. When the plant is in the period of pokery, this place can be cut off, during flowering, nothing can be done.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Cyclamen poisonous? If a person or animal ingests any part of a cyclamen plant, it can be toxic. The symptoms of toxicity can include vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, and tremors. If you suspect that someone has ingested a cyclamen plant, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.