How to Grow Cyperus - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2023

Cyperus, also known as papyrus, is a plant that has been used for centuries to make paper. The plant is native to Africa and the Middle East, and it grows in marshes and wet areas. The plant can grow up to 15 feet tall, and its long, flat leaves are used to make paper. The plant is also used in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

How to Grow Cyperus - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Cyperus plant? Common in disturbed habitats, ditches, and waste places. Cyperus is a plant that is very easy to grow and is commonly found in disturbed habitats, ditches, and waste places. It is a fast-growing plant that can reach up to 2 feet in height. Cyperus has long, slender leaves that are green in color and have a sharp point at the end. The plant produces small, greenish-white flowers that grow in clusters.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The reason this question is being asked is most likely for horticultural purposes, so the asker is probably wanting to know how big to expect the plant to grow. In width, Cyperus can grow up to 1 meter, and in height, up to 1.2 meters.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? So, a new plant will have 5-10 new leaves per season. However, the number of new leaves can vary depending on the type of Cyperus plant, the growing conditions, and other factors.

Cyperus Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Cyperaceae
Origin Africa, Madagascar, the Mediterranean, Central America

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Although some Cyperus may only live for one season, most species are perennial. A plant that lives for more than two years is considered to be a perennial.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Unless otherwise noted, Cyperus should be planted in full sun. They like it hot! In the summer, the ideal temperature range is 68-79 degrees Fahrenheit. During the winter, the temperature should not be allowed to dip below 55.4 degrees Fahrenheit, but the plant can adapt to slightly higher temperatures if necessary.


What about the humidity? Although the Cyperus doesn't need too much humidity, it's a good idea to give it a daily misting if the temperature is above 68 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant can adapt to the dry air of rooms, but it's still important to mist it regularly.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? While the plant prefers northern or eastern windows, it can also be grown under artificial lighting for at least 16 hours a day. The plant loves light, but you have to provide shade from the bright sun.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Cyperus? Sometimes, potting soil for Cyperus is made of a mixture of one's own preparation. For this, you will need 3 pieces of compost land, 2 parts of garden soil, and 1 part of sand. The sand is mixed with either equal parts of peat or garden soil to create a 20% fertilizer. Remember that your Cyperus plant will need good drainage, so make sure that the pot has a quarter of the height of the pot for drainage holes.

Watering Time

How much I must water Cyperus? Unless the plant is in a very humid environment, the pot must be in the summer in the water, in the winter after watering the water is drained. If the soil in the pot dries up, the plant will turn yellow within the next 24 hours.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. While the plant is actively growing, from May to September, it should be fed every 2-3 weeks with a liquid fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen. This will help the plant to produce more leaves, and produce a fuller, healthier plant.


How to reproduce Cyperus? The plant can propagate via fission of rhizomes in spring during transplantation. To do this, the top of the sheet with fan-shaped divergent leaves is cut off, the tips of the leaves are shortened a little and placed in a vessel with water to float on the surface. New leaves will develop from the sinuses of the old leaves, and when 3-4 leaves have developed on each new plantlet, they can be deposited separately into the ground. Cypherus can also be propagated by seeds. The seeds are sown very shallow into a mixture of peat, leaf earth and sand. After sowing, the container is covered with sand. Germination temperature should be 64.4° F. Seedlings should be strong before diving and planting in 9-cm pots of 3 pieces.


Why Cyperus won't bloom? Unless the plant is really big, the flowers will be really small. They will be a yellowish green and come out of the plant's sinuses.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Cyperus? Unless the pot is very large, it will need to be transferred every 2-3 years. The new pot should be 1.5 times the size of the previous one. Be careful when handling the plant, as it has a very powerful rhizome. Transplantation should not be performed during flowering.

Caring The Cyperus

How to care the plant? While the plant does best near an aquarium or pool, if the leaves turn yellow, cut them off at the root. New leaves will soon grow.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Cyperus plant? The main problem is the lack of moisture and light. The plant does not like drafts and low temperatures. If the leaves turn yellow and the tips of the leaves brown, it is a sure sign of a lack of moisture. Also, the plant does not like too much sunlight, so it is best to place it in partial shade.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Cyperus poisonous? Eventually, this plant will completely take over the garden and will be very difficult to remove. All parts of the plant are toxic to humans and animals if ingested. The plant can cause skin irritation if touched.