How to Grow Dillenia - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Shrubs Category   /   2023

Dillenia, also known as elephant's ear, is a tropical plant native to South and Southeast Asia. The large, heart-shaped leaves of the dillenia plant can grow up to three feet in width. The flowers of the dillenia plant are large and showy, ranging in color from white to pink. The fruits of the dillenia plant are oval-shaped and contain large seeds.

How to Grow Dillenia - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Dillenia plant? While they vary in size and shape, most dillenia have large, dark green leaves and produce beautiful, bright flowers in shades of yellow, pink, and white. The Dillenia plant is native to tropical areas of Asia and is most often found in India, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. The Dillenia plant is an evergreen shrub that can grow to be anywhere from six to fifteen feet tall. Most dillenia have large, dark green leaves and produce beautiful, bright flowers in shades of yellow, pink, and white. The Dillenia plant is native to tropical areas of Asia and is most often found in India, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The Dillenia plant is a small to medium sized tree. It typically grows to between 15 and 30 metres in height in the wild, but when cultivated as a houseplant it is usually much smaller, only reaching 1.5 metres.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The Dillenia plant is a native of tropical Asia and is a member of the Dilleniaceae family. The Dillenia plant is a large shrub or tree that can grow up to 30 meters tall. The leaves of the Dillenia plant are large and have a smooth surface. The flowers of the Dillenia plant are white and have a diameter of about 10 centimeters. The fruit of the Dillenia plant is a large, fleshy, and woody capsule. The Dillenia plant is found in the forests of India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Indonesia.

Dillenia Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Shrub
Family Dillingen – Dilleniaceae
Origin Homeland dellenii – tropical forests of China, Southeast Asia, Australia, India, Sri Lanka, Madagascar. Named after the English botanist Johann Jakob Dillenius. About 100 species are known. Dillenia suffruticosa is a national flower of Brunei.

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Unless a plant is an annual, it will likely live for more than two years. Perennial plants, like Dillenia, can live for 50 years or more. Many factors affect how long a particular plant lives. The Dillenia plant lifespan is determined in part by its growing conditions, including the amount of sunlight, water, and nutrients it receives.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Common dill (Dillenia indica) is a thermophilic plant, but it can tolerate short-term temperature changes. The optimum temperature for dill is + 77-86 ° F with high humidity. In summer, the plant is able to tolerate a temperature of + 44.6-116.6 ° F, in winter - a temperature drop of 28.4 ° F.


What about the humidity? If you want to grow healthy Dillenia plants, you should provide high humidity. However, these plants are quite adaptive, so they can also grow in normal room conditions. Just make sure to keep the soil moist.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? The Dillenia plant prefers bright light but can adapt to partial shade. The plant should be protected from the hot afternoon sun.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Dillenia? Although the Dillenia plant prefers a fertile and loose substrate, it is not too particular about the type of soil it is planted in. It can tolerate a range of pH levels, but does poorly in alkaline substrates. The plant prefers a sand-based substrate.

Watering Time

How much I must water Dillenia? known as the elephant apple tree, dillenia is a tropical to subtropical flowering plant that requires a lot of water during the summer, but very little during the winter if the plant is in cool conditions.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Because it is a flowering plant, it is necessary to use a complex fertilizer during the growth and top dressing periods. The flower period is very important for the plant. If the plant is not properly fertilized, the flowers will be small and the plant will not be as beautiful as it should be.


How to reproduce Dillenia? So, to propagate the Dillenia, it is best to use seeds. However, cuttings can also be used but they will require more care. First, the seeds should be pre-soaked and then planted in a mixture of peat and sand. They should be sprouted under the film at an elevated temperature of + 77-82,4 ° F.


Why Dillenia won't bloom? The reason why it is interesting is because it has a very large flower. The flower usually blooms in the summer, but it can also bloom in the spring and fall. The flower is usually white, but it can also be pink or yellow. The flower has a very pleasant smell, and it blooms at night. The Dillenia plant is native to India, but it can also be found in other parts of Asia.

Caring The Dillenia

How to care the plant? Unless you live in an area with very mild winters, it is best to treat dillenia as an annual and replant each spring. Young plants are transplanted annually, adults every 2-3 years. Dillenia does not tolerate root disturbance well, so it is important to plant in its permanent position.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Dillenia plant? Sometimes, it is hard to find the right word to describe it. But "steady" is a good word for this plant. It is a good plant for hedges and screens because it is not very fast growing. It has dark green leaves and white flowers.


What is the benefit of the plant? Because it has high nutritional value, many countries in the tropical zone use it as a food ingredient. The taste of Dillenia fruit is like unripe apples. People usually juice it, make jam out of it, or add it to various dishes. In Thailand, they even use the plant's shoots and leaves for some dishes. Malaysian people use the Dillenia leaves to wrap food. The wood of Dillenia, after being soaked in water for 3 years, can be used in construction. In addition, the fruit can be used to make soap. There are 8 types of Dillenia plants that have been widely used in folk medicine. The extract of its leaves and roots can be used to treat dandruff. The bark has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Recently, the possibility of using Dillenia plant in traditional medicine is being studied. At present, the question of whether to introduce this plant in agricultural production is being raised in India. Local people believe that elephants are very fond of the fruit, so the plant received its second name “elephant apple”.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Dillenia poisonous? While many Dillenia species are considered safe for humans, the Dillenia indica is thought to be poisonous. All parts of the plant are considered toxic, with the seeds being the most dangerous. Symptoms of Dillenia indica poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, and skin irritation. If you suspect that you or someone you know has ingested Dillenia indica, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.