How to Grow Dracaena - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Shrubs Category   /   2022

Dracaena, also known as dragon trees, are a type of slow-growing flowering plant that originates from Africa. These tropical plants can grow up to 20 feet tall indoors and are often used as decorative pieces in homes and offices. While dracaena plants are relatively easy to care for, they do require some specific growing conditions in order to thrive.

How to Grow Dracaena - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Dracaena plant? If you are starting to become a plant parent, the Dracaena genus is a great place to start because they are very easy to care for. Dracaenas are low-light plants that can tolerate neglect and can go weeks without being watered. These tough plants come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, so you can find one that is perfect for your home.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Although there are many species of Dracaena, they range widely in size. Some species, like the Dracaena marginata, can grow up to 15 feet tall. Other species, like the Dracaena fragrans, only grow to about 3 feet tall. On average, most Dracaena species range from 30 to 90 cm in height.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The Dracaena plant is a slow grower, averaging 10-15 cm per year. If you're looking for a fast-growing plant, this is not the one for you. When it comes to watering, the Dracaena plant is pretty drought-tolerant, so you don't have to worry about watering it too often. It's a great plant for beginner gardeners or those who don't have a lot of time to take care of their plants.

Dracaena Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Shrub
Family Agavaceae
Origin Asia, Australia, Africa

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The dracaena plant has a long lifespan and can live for up to 50 years. The plant is a popular houseplant and is known for its ability to purify the air.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The Dracaena plant prefers in winter and summer temperatures of 64.4-73.4 degrees Fahrenheit. In winter, if the plant is not watered, it can withstand a minimum temperature of 55.4 degrees Fahrenheit.


What about the humidity? known that the plant does not like high humidity, so it is necessary to spray it no more than 2 times a week. In winter, it is best to place the plant away from the battery, as the heat from it can lead to severe burns of the leaves.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Because this plant has such beautiful leaves, it's important to give it the right kind of light. Bright, diffuse light is best, and the plant should be 1-2 meters from a south or south-west-facing window. If the plant is in a shady spot, the leaves will be pale in color.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Dracaena? Sometimes, when you want to change the location of the dracaena, it becomes necessary to replant it. For this you need to know what kind of land it grows on. The plant prefers loose, well-drained soils. You can prepare the soil for planting dracaena at home. For this you need to take 3 parts of the garden land, 1 part peat and 1 part coarse sand. The resulting mixture must be well ventilated.

Watering Time

How much I must water Dracaena? The plant needs to be watered 1-2 times a week in the summer, and 1 time in 8-12 days in the winter. It's important not to pour the plant, but to also make sure the soil doesn't completely dry out.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The reason you need to fertilize your Dracaena Plant is to support new growth. A good rule of thumb is to fertilize about once every two weeks during the growing season, which is typically from spring through summer. During the fall and winter, when your plant is not actively growing, you can cut back on fertilizing to about once a month. When it comes to what type of fertilizer to use, look for a liquid fertilizer that is specifically designed for use on houseplants.


How to reproduce Dracaena? Common ly, Dracaena plants are propagated through apical cuttings with deciduous nodes. The cuttings should be 7-8 cm long, and rooted in a mixture of peat and sand. The rooted cuttings can be covered with plastic or glass, and placed at a temperature of 75.2 degrees Fahrenheit. Generally, the cuttings will sprout in about 2-3 weeks. Another method of propagation is through rooting the cuttings in water. It's important to add activated charcoal to the water so that the cuttings do not rot. Once the cuttings have rooted, they can be planted in a pot with 3-4 other plants. Seed multiplication is possible in February-March. The seeds should be planted in sand or peat, and will generally sprout within a month.


Why Dracaena won't bloom? The reason they don't bloom often is because they are native to regions with little sunlight. They are used to getting shade from taller trees. When they are in full bloom, the flowers are a cream color. Some species of the plant are fragrant.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Dracaena? Although dracaena is a plant that does not need to be transferred too often, about once every 2-3 years in early spring is best. When you do transfer your dracaena, be sure to use a clean pot with fresh potting mix. Gently loosen the roots before placing the plant in the new pot. Be sure not to damage the root ball. Water well and place in a bright spot, out of direct sunlight.

Caring The Dracaena

How to care the plant? While it is possible to grow Dracaena in water, it is generally advised to keep the plant in soil. It is important to wipe the leaves regularly and to cut off brown tips of the leaves as they appear. Dracaena is a shade-tolerant plant, but it will lose its bright leaf coloring if not exposed to enough light.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Dracaena plant? While it is possible to grow dracaena at home, it often dies because people don’t know how to take care of it. The most common problems with dracaena are: spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs, aphids, and thrips. These pests attack dracaena and suck the sap out of the leaves, causing the leaves to turn brown and dry up. In addition to pests, dracaena is also susceptible to fungal diseases, such as gray mold, which can cause the leaves to brown and rot. Finally, dracaena is very sensitive to temperature and humidity changes. If the temperature is too low or the humidity is too high, the leaves will turn brown and fall off.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Dracaena poisonous? Eventually, all parts of the Dracaena plant are toxic to pets if ingested. The toxic principle in all parts of the plant is unknown, but it is possibly saponin-like compounds.