How to Grow Duranta - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Shrubs Category   /   2023

Duranta, also known as golden dewdrop, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Verbenaceae. The genus is native to the Americas and comprises 31 species. Duranta repens, the species most often grown as a houseplant, is a fast-growing, evergreen shrub that can reach 6.6 ft (2 m) in height. It has blue-green leaves and produces blue, white, or purple flowers in summer.

How to Grow Duranta - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Duranta plant? Although it’s not a difficult task to take care of a duranta plant, it does require some attention. The plant is unpretentious and easy to grow, but it does need to be watered regularly and fertilized occasionally. With proper care, a duranta plant can thrive and produce beautiful flowers.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Common ly known as the golden dewdrop or pigeon berry, the Duranta is a shrub or small tree in the family Verbenaceae. The species is native to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America, but it has been introduced to Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. Duranta is a fast-growing plant that can reach a height of 1.5-3 m, but it usually forms a more compact plant. The leaves are evergreen and have a lanceolate shape with a serrated margin. The flowers are blue, purple, or white and have a tubular shape. The fruit is a yellow or orange berry that contains several seeds.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? known as golden dewdrop or pigeon berry, is a species of flowering plant in the family Verbenaceae. It is native to the tropical Americas, and widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in warm regions around the world. It grows to 6 m (20 ft) tall, with opposite, glossy leaves 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long. The flowers are blue, and borne in panicles 15–20 cm (6–8 in) long. The fruit is a dark blue berry 5 mm diameter, containing a single seed.

Duranta Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Shrub
Family Verbenaceae
Origin Tropical South Africa, tropical regions of America (from Florida to Mexico).

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The reason that they are called "perennials" is that they live for more than two years. The average lifespan of a Duranta plant is around five years. However, some plants can live for much longer periods of time, depending on the species.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Because it's a tropical plant, it needs warmth to grow well. The ideal temperature for a Duranta plant is 64.4-71.6 degrees Fahrenheit. However, the plant needs a cool wintering, so it's best to keep the temperature around 60.8 degrees Fahrenheit during this time.


What about the humidity? While the Duranta plant prefers increased humidity, it can adapt to relatively dry air. It is best to provide some humidity by regularly spraying the plant, which will help it to thrive.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? known as the golden dewdrop or sky flower, is a tropical perennial plant belonging to the family Verbenaceae. Duranta is native to the Caribbean, Central America, Mexico and South America. It has been introduced to other regions, including the southeastern United States, Africa, Australasia, India, China, Vietnam and Cambodia. The Duranta needs bright diffused light, not less than 6-8 hours of scattered light. It can grow in the back of the room, but blooming in this case will be less or, most likely it wouldn’t bloom at all. The variegated forms should be grown under bright light.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Duranta? The best type of soil to use is a rich loose soil with a pH of 5.8 to 6.5. You can make your own mixture by taking 1 part garden soil and 1 part of ground sheet and adding coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole and good drainage.

Watering Time

How much I must water Duranta? The Duranta is a tropical plant that can reach 6 meters (20 ft) high at full growth. It is commonly grown as a shrub or hedge. The species can be found throughout the Caribbean, Mexico, South America and Florida. It is a fast-growing plant that tolerates most soil types and requires little maintenance.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Although the Durant can grow in many soil types, it does best in rich, organic soils. To keep your plant healthy and vigorous, fertilize it regularly during the growing season. A general-purpose fertilizer applied once a week should suffice. Avoid fertilizers high in nitrogen, which can promote leaf growth at the expense of flowers.


How to reproduce Duranta? Eventually, you will want more durantas, so it is good to know that they are easy to reproduce. There are several ways to do this. One is to take semi-stubby sprouts or cuttings from an existing plant. It is best to do this at the end of summer so the plant will bloom faster the next year. But you can also take cuttings in spring. Root the cutting in a mixture of wet peat and perlite, in high humidity and at a temperature of 75.2 degrees Fahrenheit. You can also treat the stalk with heteroauxin beforehand. Cover the container with polyethylene or glass, which you will remove after about three weeks. The plant will also easily multiply if you just put the stem in the ground. The cuttings are planted and, as they grow, are pricked several times for better branching. You can also root them simply in water. The plant is also spread by seeds. Seeds are sown in February or March and germinated at a temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit.


Why Duranta won't bloom? The flowers are of blue color and are collected in drooping inflorescences. The size of the flowers is 1.2 cm. Later on, the place of flowers, golden-orange berries are formed. Blooms from April to September.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Duranta? Unless the Duranta is pot-bound, it doesn't need to be transplanted every year. Young plants can be transplanted every year in April, slightly increasing the size of the pot. Adult plants can be transplanted every 2 years. It is better not to replant old plants, but to replace the top layer of the soil.

Caring The Duranta

How to care the plant? The plant also called "room birch" is good for landscaping offices and children’s institutions. Plants should be cut off regularly in the spring, and pinch to form a bushy shape. However, shortly before the expected flowering, it is better not to run the monkey. Can be used for bonsai. It can also be grown as a half-ample plant. For best bloom it is good to give the plant a short period of rest in winter and keep it in cool conditions. In the summer it is desirable to take the plant in the garden or on the balcony, the duranta needs regular airing. Faded inflorescences should be cut off in time. Durant can be formed in the form of a stamping tree. To do this, the growing shoots are cut off by side shoots. As the seedlings grow, they give him a prop, tied to a peg. When the desired height is reached, the appendage is pricked. As it continues to grow, side shoots continue to be removed, while upper branches are cut off, giving the top a spherical shape.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Duranta plant? So, if you have problems with the Duranta, it is most likely due to incorrect placement or lack of light, water, or fertilizer.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Duranta poisonous? When ingested, both the berries and the leaves of the Duranta plant can be poisonous to humans. Skin contact with the plant can also cause a variety of symptoms, ranging from redness and itchiness to painful blisters and burns.