How to Grow Dyckia - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2022

Dyckia, also known as "beakroot" or "fire tongue", is a genus of about 70 species of flowering plants in the family Bromeliaceae, native to southern Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and northern Argentina. They are stemless or short-stemmed plants, growing to 20-80 cm tall, with rosettes of stiff, spiny leaves. The flowers are tubular, yellow, orange or red, and borne in inflorescences of 5-20 cm long.

How to Grow Dyckia - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Dyckia plant? Sometimes, when you want to start taking care of plants, it's hard to know where to start. If you're a beginner, you might want to try a plant that is easy to care for. The Dyckia plant is a good choice for beginners. It is a succulent, so it doesn't need a lot of water. It can also tolerate some neglect. Just make sure to give it some bright light, and it will do well.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The Dyckia plant grows to a height of 15 cm. The flower stem can grow to a length of 25 cm.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The Dyckia plant is a low growing plant that slowly matures over time. This plant is often used as a decoration in gardens or as an addition to landscaping. The Dyckia plant grows best in warm climates and does not require much water to survive.

Dyckia Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Bromeliaceae
Origin Tropics and subtropics of America, Brazil

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The reason to divide young rosettes is to continue growing the plant. Dyckia plants live about 3-5 years, so it is timely to separate the young rosettes to maintain the plant population.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Unless otherwise specified for a particular species, the average temperature for Dyckia should be 71.6-84.2°F in summer and not lower than 62.6-64.4°F in winter. The minimum temperature for Dyckia should be 44.6°F. Dikiya is one of the most cold-resistant plants among all bromeliads.


What about the humidity? The Dyckia plant loves humidity and it is best to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. A good rule of thumb is to water when the top 1-2 inches of soil are dry. The Dyckia plant also benefits from regular misting, especially in the summer. It is best to water in the morning so that the leaves have time to dry before nightfall. In the flowering period, it is better not to spray, because from excessive moisture, flowers lose their decorativeness.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Since it is a native of Brazil, it requires strong light, and does best in full sun. It will grow in partial shade, but the leaves will be smaller and the plant will be less robust.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Dyckia? The Dyckia plant is a bromeliad that is closely related to the pineapple. Dyckia prefers well-draining, sandy soil with a low pH. A mixture of garden soil, sand, and peat moss is ideal. Sphagnum moss can also be added. The pot should be at least one-third full of drainage material.

Watering Time

How much I must water Dyckia? Unless the plant is in a very hot, dry environment, you shouldn't have to water your Dyckia more than once a week. The upper third of the soil should be dry before you water again. In winter, cut back on watering even more, so that the soil never dries out completely.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The plant can not be fertilized, but in this case they grow more slowly. From spring to autumn, every 3-4 weeks, strongly diluted (up to 4 times) soluble fertilizers.


How to reproduce Dyckia? When using the plant, gloves should be used. Cut off the child with a sharp knife, sometimes it is quite difficult and it is required to remove the whole plant from the pot. When detaching children, you should try to keep as many of its roots as possible. If there are no roots for the baby, phytohormones should be used and should be placed under polyethylene for better germination. After drying, put in the main substrate, where germinate, regularly sprinkling. First time it should be kept in the shade. When the roots fill the entire pot, the young plant should be transplanted into a larger one. Scions will bloom only after 2-3 years. You can propagate seeds in a mini-greenhouse at a temperature of 77 ° F, which is sown in a mixture of sand and sphagnum (seeds only slightly sprinkled with soil). Seedlings appear in 2-3 weeks. When they have 2-3 leaves (3-4 months), the seedlings should be dived and transplanted into separate pots.


Why Dyckia won't bloom? The Dyckia plant is a tropical plant that sports orange-yellow flowers in the form of a bell. The plant blooms in the spring, adding a splash of color to any garden. The Dyckia is a low-maintenance plant, requiring little water or care.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Dyckia? Eventually, the Dyckia plant in your pot will become too big for its home. You'll know it's time to transplant when the pot becomes small in proportion to the plant, and when the plant becomes unstable. When transplanting, choose a pot that is fairly large in volume, equal to the size of the plant or even slightly larger.

Caring The Dyckia

How to care the plant? Although the Dyckia plant is a beautiful and unique addition to any home, they can be difficult to take care of. One of the most important things to remember when caring for a Dyckia plant is that in summer, it is better to take the plant out into the open air. This will help the plant to get the sunlight it needs to thrive. Another important thing to remember is that if any of the leaves become damaged, you must cut them off in time. This plant is also known for its sharp thorns, so you should be careful when transplanting it. It is better to transplant in gloves to avoid getting pricked.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Dyckia plant? So, it's easy to provide the Dyckia with too much water, and people often forget about drainage holes. Dyckia like plenty of light, but not direct sunlight. The leaves of the Dyckia are often covered in small white spots. These spots are actually tiny scales, which help protect the plant from the sun. The Dyckia can also be infested with spider mites, mealybugs, and other pests. If the temperature gets too low, the leaves of the Dyckia will become soft and droop. If the plant is overwatered, the roots and the base of the stems can rot. Subsidiary rosettes are not formed if the plant lacks nutrients. On the leaves, gray patches may appear as a result of fungal infection. When watering with hard water, the tips of the leaves turn brown.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Dyckia poisonous? When ingested, it can cause vomiting and diarrhea in dogs and cats. If your pet ingests this plant, call your veterinarian immediately. The Dyckia plant is a member of the Bromeliad family and is native to South America. The plant grows in a rosette form and can reach up to two feet in height. The leaves are thick and stiff, and are covered in small, sharp spines. The flowers are borne on a stalk and are yellow or orange in color. The fruits of the plant are small, brown, and contain seeds. The Dyckia plant is toxic to both dogs and cats if ingested. The plant contains saponins, which are poisonous to animals. If your pet ingests this plant, they may vomit and have diarrhea. In severe cases, the saponins can cause liver damage. If you think your pet has ingested this plant, call your veterinarian immediately.