How to Grow Fittonia - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Shrubs Category   /   2022

Fittonia, also known as nerve plant or mosaic plant, is a popular houseplant known for its colorful leaves. The leaves of fittonia are often variegated with shades of green, pink, white, and red. These plants are native to tropical rainforests, so they need moist, humid conditions to thrive. Growing fittonia is relatively easy, making it a great plant for beginners. Keep reading to learn more about how to care for a fittonia plant.

How to Grow Fittonia - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Fittonia plant? Sometimes, people think that planting a Fittonia is difficult. They give up easily when the leaves of their Fittonia start to turn yellow. In reality, planting a Fittonia is quite easy. The main reason why people think that it is difficult to take care of a Fittonia is because they do not know the basic needs of the plant. Fittonia is a tropical plant that originates from South America. It is a member of the Acanthus family. The plant is also known as nerve plant or mosaic plant. Fittonia is an evergreen plant that has colorful leaves. The leaves are usually green, but some species have red or white veins. The plant grows to a height of about 15 cm.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The Fittonia plant is a small plant that only grows to be about 10 cm tall and up to 30 cm wide. This plant is native to South America and is commonly found in Peru and Ecuador. The Fittonia plant has dark green leaves with white or pink veins running through them. This plant is a popular houseplant because it is easy to care for and does not require a lot of light.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The plant grows about 8-10 cm per year. Fittonia albivenis is a species of flowering plant in the acanthus family known by the common names nerve plant and mosaic plant. It is native to tropical rainforests in South America.

Fittonia Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Shrub
Family Acanthaceae
Origin Peru

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Common ly known as nerve plant or fittonia, these beautiful little houseplants are native to the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Fittonias are fairly easy to care for and make great additions to any indoor space. While they're not the longest-lived houseplants, with proper care, fittonias can thrive for 2-3 years.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Eventually, the minimum temperature should be around 64.4 degrees Fahrenheit. The ideal temperature range for Fittonias is between 69.8 and 80.6 degrees Fahrenheit. However, the plant can tolerate lower temperatures as long as the humidity is high. In general, high temperature requires high humidity for Fittonia.


What about the humidity? Because the Fittonia is native to the rainforest, it requires high humidity to survive. The best way to provide the humidity it needs is to place the plant in a tray with wet gravel and spray it with warm water every day. You can also place the plant in the kitchen or bathroom, where the air is usually more humid. Just be sure to keep it away from radiators in the winter, as they will dry out the air and make it difficult for the plant to thrive.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? The reason why Fittonia does not tolerate direct light is because the leaves will start to fade in color. The eastern window is the most suitable because it has the most shade. Can grow near a brightly lit window, but not in direct sunlight.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Fittonia? While Fittonia thrive in most soil types, they prefer a potting mix that is on the acidic side. The ideal potting mix for Fittonia should be 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf land, 1/2 part of coarse sand or perlite and 1 part of peat. You can also use a mixture of equal parts of peat and foliage. Always use a pot with an opening at the bottom for drainage.

Watering Time

How much I must water Fittonia? Because this plant is tropical, it requires more water than other houseplants. When the weather is warm, water at least once every two days. In winter, you can water once a week, but don't let the soil dry out completely.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Although this plant is not a heavy feeder, to keep it looking its best, fertilize it regularly. Use a balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, applied at the rate recommended on the package. Once every 2 weeks, liquid fertilizer, diluted three times the recommended dose.


How to reproduce Fittonia? If you want to grow a Fittonia plant from cuttings, in spring, cut cuttings that are 5-8 cm long and put them in moist sand. Keep the cuttings under a plastic wrap at a temperature of 69.8 degrees Fahrenheit; roots will soon appear. Plant the Fittonia plant in a small pot and, as it grows, pinch the top twice for better branching. Cuttings easily take root in the water. Fittonia plants can also be propagated by seeds, which are sown in the spring in a tray with a peat-sand mixture. Sprinkle the seeds with earth from above, only slightly, then cover the seeds with glass or a film and put them in a dark place. After germination, transfer the seedlings to light. When the shoots grow, arrange 3-4 cuttings per pot. Old Fittonia plants can be multiplied by dividing the bush.


Why Fittonia won't bloom? Because the blooms are not colorful and don't have a lot of value, it's best to remove them when they start to fade. Doing this will help the plant to focus its energy on producing new leaves.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Fittonia? Although Fittonia is a plant that can adapt to different types of terrain, it is advisable to transplant it every year in the spring, to replace the land with fresh earth. Another relevant aspect is drainage; for this reason, it is better to use low pots. It should be noted that the root system of this plant is small.

Caring The Fittonia

How to care the plant? So, the main thing when growing a plant is to ensure that the soil is always moist. The plant should be cut regularly for branching. The tips of young shoots pinch. He does not like smoke, gas products, drafts. At the same time, it needs airing. The plant is suitable for “bottle gardens”, can be grown in a terrarium and as a soil cover plant.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Fittonia plant? The leaves on the plant can suffer from too much sun or dry air and will curl up and wither. If the plant has not been watered in a while, the leaves may also curl up and sag. However, after watering, the leaves should restore themselves to their original form. Another problem that leaves may suffer from is the cold. If the temperature gets too low, the leaves will turn yellow and eventually fall off. If the plant is not growing as it should, it is likely due to the cold weather.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Fittonia poisonous? Eventually, the Fittonia plant will die if it's not properly taken care of. When this happens, the toxins in the plant can be released into the air, causing serious respiratory problems in humans and animals.