How to Grow Freesia - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2022

Freesia, genus of about 11 species of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, native to South Africa. The plants are grown for their showy, fragrant flowers, which bloom in a wide range of colours from white and yellow to pink, purple, and scarlet. Freesias are popular as cut flowers and are often used in floral arrangements.

How to Grow Freesia - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Freesia plant? Because they are easily grown from corms and don't require much attention, freesias (Freesia spp.) are ideal flowers for beginning gardeners. The corms of most freesias need a period of cool dormancy, so they are usually planted in late fall or early winter. They grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Sometimes, the height of a Freesia plant can be as tall as 46 cm. This is quite tall for a plant that is often used as a pot plant.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Although they are summer flowering plants, they are usually planted in the fall. Freesias need full sun and well-drained soil. They are drought tolerant once they are established. Freesias will grow to be about 12-18 inches tall.

Freesia Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Iridaceae
Origin South Africa

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Since Freesia is a perennial plant, it can live for more than two years. The average lifespan of a Freesia plant is three to five years. However, some Freesia plant can live up to 10 years with the right care.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The plant Freesia needs coolness during the summer season. The plant can tolerate a temperature of + 41 ° F from mid-autumn to early spring.


What about the humidity? Although the Freesia plant can adapt to dry air conditions, it is best to keep the humidity level at 50% to prevent spider mite infestations. One way to do this is to regularly spray the plant with water.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Since Freesia is a plant that is found in nature in Africa, it does best with bright, diffused light. This means that it should be placed in an area of your home that gets a lot of light, but not direct sunlight. The best place for a Freesia plant is an eastern or western window. If you live in a hot climate, you may need to place your Freesia plant in a spot that gets some shade during the midday hours, as the direct sun can be too intense and cause the plant to stop blooming.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Freesia? Sometimes, gardeners have to amend their soil to provide the ideal environment for their plants. The type of soil that is best for planting Freesias is a breathable well drained soil with a pH of 6-7. The best way to achieve this is to mix 3 parts of garden land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, and 1 part of peat. It is also mandatory to use drainage to prevent the roots from rotting.

Watering Time

How much I must water Freesia? The Freesia plant should be watered every 2-4 days during flowering. Use only soft water to avoid damaging the plant. The soil should be slightly dried between watering to prevent rotting. After the plant has flowered, do not water it for the rest of the period.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The Freesia plant is a beautiful flowering plant that is easy to take care of. It is important to fertilize the Freesia plant during its flowering cycle, which is about 1 time in 2-4 weeks. You can use a liquid fertilizer for this task. It is important not to over-fertilize the Freesia plant, as too high doses of fertilizer can harm the plant.


How to reproduce Freesia? Since Freesia are corm plants, they easily reproduce by producing corm offsprings. Most corms at home do not bloom a second time, so spring is mostly planted by children. The second way of reproduction is by producing corms in the spring.


Why Freesia won't bloom? Common colors are white, burgundy, pink, yellow, red, and orange. Flowers are about 5 cm in diameter on a peduncle 30-40 cm long.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Freesia? Although Freesia can be planted at other times, late summer to early winter is the best time for planting corms. It is also important not to over-tighten the bulbs.

Caring The Freesia

How to care the plant? If you want your Freesia plant to flower beautifully, then you need to take good care of it. After the plant flowers, it will wither. You need to excavate the corms at the beginning of summer, dry them and store them for later. The best time to plant the corms is from September to November. You should plant them 5-8 cm apart and no more than 6 pieces per pot that is 13 cm in diameter. water the plants lightly and pour a layer of peat 2.5-3 cm over the substrate. Place the pot in the sun. For the first 2 months, you need to water the bulbs sparingly at a temperature of + 80.6 ° F until sprouts appear. Too much watering at this stage can rot the bulb. After the sprout appears 5 cm, water the plant more frequently. Move the pot to a cooler place with a temperature of about + 64.4 ° F. Rotate the pot every 2 days. The plant will need support.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Freesia plant? While this plant is most often affected by aphids and spider mites, the appearance of aphids and rotting of the bulbs can also be caused by excessive moisture. If the corms have crocked areas, it is most likely a dry rot of gladioli, in which case the bulb must be destroyed.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Freesia poisonous? Since Freesia plant is a member of the genus Iris, it shares some similarities with its cousin, the more well-known and widespread Iris flower. However, while the Iris is considered nontoxic to humans, the Freesia plant is poisonous if ingested. All parts of the plant contain toxic compounds, but the flowers and bulbs are the most dangerous. These can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea if eaten. In severe cases, Freesia poisoning can lead to renal failure and death. Thankfully, Freesia plants are not commonly found in households or gardens, so the chances of accidental ingestion are relatively low. However, if you suspect that someone has eaten a Freesia plant, it is important to seek medical help immediately.