How to Grow Gasteria - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Succulents Category   /   2023

Gasteria, a native of South Africa, is a member of the Aloe family. It is a slow-growing, succulent plant that can reach a height of two feet. The leaves are thick and fleshy, and the flowers are borne on spikes. The flowers are tubular, and they can be either white or pink.

How to Grow Gasteria - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Gasteria plant? known to be very easy to grow and care for, the Gasteria is a great plant for beginners. With its minimal requirements and drought-tolerant nature, this plant is perfect for those who do not have a lot of time to spend on watering and other maintenance tasks.

Plant Size

How big can it be? known that at a height of 25-30 cm, in nature it can grow up to 1 m. Gasteria is a popular ornamental plant, it has an interesting appearance. The leaves are fleshy, lanceolate, dark green in color with white spots. The flowers are tubular, yellow-orange in color, they are collected in inflorescences.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Sometimes, the plant will produce an offset from the base of the plant. The Gasteria plant grows very slowly, with the stem lengthening by only a few centimeters each year. The plant does best in bright, indirect sunlight, and can tolerate some direct sun if it is not too hot. The plant does not need much water, and too much water can actually be harmful. The Gasteria plant is native to South Africa, and is related to the aloe plant.

Gasteria Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Succulent
Family Asphodelaceae
Origin South Africa

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? known as the ox tongue plant or the cow’s tongue plant, is a member of the Asphodelaceae family. Native to South Africa, this perennial evergreen succulent can grow up to 2 feet tall and wide. It gets its name from its long, tongue-like leaves that are often marked with spots or stripes. The Gasteria plant is a slow grower that can live for decades. It is a hardy plant that can tolerate a wide range of growing conditions, from full sun to partial shade.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The Gasteria genus is a group of easy-to-grow, drought-tolerant South African succulents that are frequently used as houseplants. They are interesting plants with thick, fleshy leaves that often have patterned markings. Gasteria are related to aloes and look similar to haworthias. These succulents can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, but they prefer to grow in warm conditions. In summer, the ideal temperature range for gasterias is 73.4-77 degrees Fahrenheit. In winter, the plants can tolerate cooler temperatures, but they should be kept above 50 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent them from going into dormancy.


What about the humidity? Unless you live in a hot, arid climate, your Gasteria will do just fine with average room humidity—the kind most homes have. If the air in your home is on the dry side, you can increase the humidity around your plant by grouping it with other plants or by setting it on a pebble-filled tray filled with water. Just be sure the bottom of your plant's pot isn't sitting in water.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? The plant does best with bright sun, however it can grow and survive in shaded areas. If the sun is too strong, the leaves of the plant will get burned. If there is not enough light, the leaves will be pale in color.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Gasteria? Common ly, Gasteria plants are grown in pots and planters. The soil does not need to be very deep, about 6 inches will suffice. A well-drained cactus or succulent potting mix with a small addition of sand is suitable. For a mixture of your own preparation, take: turf, garden soil, coarse sand. You can add charcoal and brick crumbs. Do not recommend peat. Gasteria plants require good drainage.

Watering Time

How much I must water Gasteria? Because the natural habitat of the plant - the South African Cape Province, it is quite drought-resistant plant. The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up. If you overdo with watering, the plant may begin to rot at the base of the leaves. Gasteria is watered about every week during the growing season (if a little light, reduce watering), in the winter - 1-2 times a month to dry out the soil is well between waterings.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Unless you have extremely sandy soil, you shouldn't need to fertilize your Gasteria more than once or twice a year. A light application of a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 in late winter or early spring is all that's needed. You can also use a slow-release fertilizer, which will last for several months.


How to reproduce Gasteria? Common ly, Gasteria is propagated by stem or leaf cuttings, which must first be dried, leaving in the sun for several hours. Root in peat, sand. Children can be immediately planted in a permanent soil in a pot. If too many children, it is useful to separate them from the mother plant to intensify its growth. You can propagate by apex when rejuvenating old plants, which are rooted in the sand. Seed propagation is possible in April at a temperature of 68 ° F (planted in moist soil).


Why Gasteria won't bloom? The plant blooms during spring or early summer. The flower is a long, thin spike with drooping red-orange bells on top.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Gasteria? The reason for the transplant is the growth of the plant, the old pot becomes small. The pot should be shallow, because in a deep bowl Gaster grows badly. The frequency of transplantation is once in 2-3 years in spring.

Caring The Gasteria

How to care the plant? Common ly called cow’s tongue, Gasteria is a genus of easy-to-grow, interesting-looking South African succulents that make great houseplants. Most Gasteria species have strap-shaped leaves with interesting patterns and colors. Gasterias are slow-growing and long-lived, and they make great additions to any succulent collection. When it comes to Gasteria care, the most important thing to remember is that these plants are drought tolerant. They do not need a lot of water to survive, and in fact, too much water can be detrimental to their health. Allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings, and during the winter months, reduce watering even further. Gasterias can tolerate a wide range of light conditions, but they prefer bright, indirect light. These plants can also tolerate some shade, but too much shade will cause the leaves to become etiolated (stretched out). Gasterias are not frost hardy, so it is important to bring them indoors or provide some other type of protection if temperatures are expected to dip below 50°F (10°C).

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Gasteria plant? Eventually, it produces offsets that can be used for propagation. It is affected by a spider mite, scutellum, mealybugs, very rarely aphids. If the old leaves curl and wither, this is a natural process. If the leaves fade, turn pale, turn yellow and rot, – this can be a sign of excess moisture. Leaves stretch and turn pale with lack of light. If the leaves strongly turn yellow and the areas of dry brown tissue appear on them, this is a sign of a sunburn.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Gasteria poisonous? The Gasteria plant is considered to be toxic to humans and animals if ingested. All parts of the plant are poisonous, and the sap can cause skin irritation. Symptoms of intoxication include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you suspect that someone has ingested part of a Gasteria plant, seek medical attention immediately.