How to Grow Ligustrum - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Bush Category   /   2023

Ligustrum, also known as privet, is a fast-growing, deciduous or evergreen shrub that is often used as a hedge. It can grow up to 20 feet tall and wide, and is tolerant of a wide range of soils and conditions. Ligustrum is easy to care for and requires little pruning or maintenance.

How to Grow Ligustrum - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Ligustrum plant? The Ligustrum is an easy to grow plant that does not require a lot of attention. It can be grown in a variety of soils and does not need to be fertilized often. The Ligustrum is a drought tolerant plant and can be grown in full sun or partial shade. It is a fast growing plant that can reach a height of 6-8 feet.

Plant Size

How big can it be? When fully grown, the Ligustrum plant can reach up to 1.5 m in height. The plant is a fast grower and can tolerate full sun to partial shade. It is a good plant for hedges and topiary.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? When you plant a ligustrum cutting, it will take about 10 months for it to reach the size of a full-grown, flowering plant.

Ligustrum Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Bush
Family Oleaceae
Origin China, Korea, Japan

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Because of its long-lived nature, this plant is excellent for those who want a low-maintenance, easy-to-care-for landscape. When grown in the right conditions and given the proper care, this plant can live and thrive for decades.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The ligustrum is a tough and easy to grow plant that can withstand a wide range of temperatures. In the summer, it prefers temperatures of 59-69.8 degrees Fahrenheit, and in the winter, it is desirable to have temperatures of 42.8-46.4 degrees Fahrenheit.


What about the humidity? Eventually, the leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow and fall off. The main reason is the lack of moisture in the air. Therefore, it is desirable to regularly spray with warm water, without getting on the flowers, it is good to place the pot in a tray with wet expanded clay. Also, the plant does not like to be in a stuffy room. It is good to ventilate the room where the plant is located.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? The reason for its shading is to protect it from the hot midday rays that can be harmful. The plant does best in a south, south-east or south-west window where it will get bright light for 4-6 hours each day. It also needs some protection from the light on the east and west side of the window so a light penumbra is ideal.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Ligustrum? Common ligustrum (Ligustrum vulgare) is a vigorous, fast-growing, deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub that can grow 6 to 10 feet tall and just as wide. It's a good plant for hedges, topiaries, and screens. You can grow common ligustrum in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 8.

Watering Time

How much I must water Ligustrum? While the plant is actively growing during the summer months, water it every day or every other day to keep the soil moist. Without enough moisture, the plant will quickly lose its leaves. Once winter arrives and growth slows down, cut back on watering but don't allow the soil to completely dry out between watering.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. If you want your Ligustrum to have a good chance at a bountiful growing season, you should fertilize it 1-2 times a month with liquid fertilizer. The best time to do this is in early spring and then again in mid-summer. Doing this will give your plant the nutrients it needs to produce lots of new growth.


How to reproduce Ligustrum? The plant can be propagated by taking an apical cutting 8-10 cm long with several buds. The cutting should be rooted in a moist mixture of peat and sand at a temperature of 60.8-68 degrees Fahrenheit. Before planting, the rootstock should be treated. The container should be covered with polyethylene or glass on top. After 3 weeks, the glass should be removed. It is better to plant several cuttings in one pot. Ligustrum can also be propagated by seed. The seeds should be sown in 7-cm pots in a mixture of peat (or turf) and sand. Subsequently, the seedlings should be planted as the earth's comatose braids grow. The young plants will overrun.


Why Ligustrum won't bloom? Although the Ligustrum plant can bloom any time from late spring to early fall, it typically blooms in August or September. The white flowers are borne in racemose inflorescences, meaning that the flowers are borne on a stalk that bears several flowers. Each flower is relatively small, but the inflorescences can be quite showy.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Ligustrum? The young plants are transferred every year and the adult plants are transferred every 2 years.

Caring The Ligustrum

How to care the plant? The Ligustrum is a tough and adaptable plant that responds well to pruning. It can be used for bonsai.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Ligustrum plant? Eventually, it will affect the leaves of the plant, turning them brown and dry. If the problem is not identified and rectified soon enough, it will spread to the stems and branches, and the plant will die. There are several pests and diseases that can affect the ligustrum plant. These include scutes, spider mites, whitefly, mealybug, aphids and thrips. With excessive moisture, root rot is also possible.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Ligustrum poisonous? The Ligustrum plant is a common houseplant that can be toxic if ingested. Symptoms of toxicity include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. These symptoms are not life-threatening, but they can be uncomfortable. If you think your pet has ingested a Ligustrum plant, contact your veterinarian immediately.