How to Grow Musa - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2023

Musa, also known as Banana, is a genus of about 50 species in the family Musaceae. The plants are native to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia and Oceania. Musa plants are herbaceous perennials that grow to a height of about 2-6 meters. The leaves are broad and fleshy, with a length of about 30-150 centimeters. The flowers are borne in inflorescences, which are often large and showy. The fruit is a fleshy, botanically a berry, that is often eaten raw or cooked.

How to Grow Musa - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Musa plant? Although it is possible to grow Musa from seed, it is generally easier to purchase a plant that is already a few years old. It is best to plant Musa in the spring or early summer.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The size of a Musa plant depends on the pot it is in. In a pot up to 2 m, it will be about 3.5 m in the conservatory.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? When grown from seed, it takes about 5 years for a plant to mature and flower. However, when vegetatively propagated, it can flower within 2 years. Flowering is initiated by a dry season, which lasts at least 2 months. Musa plants are monoecious, meaning that each plant produces both male and female flowers. Male flowers are produced in large clusters at the end of the stem, while female flowers are produced singly or in pairs along the stem. After pollination, the female flowers develop into fruits. Fruits are large, fleshy, and contain many seeds. Musa plants are native to tropical regions of Asia and Africa. They are widely cultivated in these regions, as well as in the Pacific Islands, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. Musa plants are grown for their fruits, which are eaten fresh or cooked, and for their leaves, which are used as wrappers for steaming food.

Musa Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Musaceae
Origin Southeast Asia, Australia

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Eventually, after about 4-5 years, the fruiting stem dies off and the plant is replaced by sprouts.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? known that the temperature in the summertime is 75.2 degrees Fahrenheit. The wintertime temperature should not be lower than 59 degrees Fahrenheit.


What about the humidity? known as the "plantain" or "banana", the Musa is a genus of flowering plants in the family Musaceae. There are about 60 species, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and the western Pacific Ocean. 1-2 times a week, the plant should be sprayed with soft water, and after being in the sun, the plant should be shaken to remove any drops of moisture.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? The Musa plant can grow in bright light. It is best to place the plant in a south, south-west facing window.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Musa? The best potting mixture for Musa is one that is lightweight, breathable, and fertile. You can make your own mixture by taking 1 part turf ground, 1 part peat, and 1 part sand and humus (leaf earth). Be sure to use a pot with a hole in the bottom to allow for proper drainage.

Watering Time

How much I must water Musa? Since the plant is tropical, it does not tolerate low temperatures and needs a lot of moisture. The soil must be constantly moist in summer. They water 2-3 times a week. In winter, watering is done every 10 days.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. If the soil is not too poor, it is possible to do without fertilizer. For example, on good garden soils, Musa plants are often enough to give nitrogen-containing mineral fertilizer 1 time per season. This is usually done in early spring before the start of growth or in August-September during the formation of flower buds. With a lack of nitrogen in the soil, the leaves of the plant turn yellow.


How to reproduce Musa? The Musa is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the banana family, Musaceae. They are native to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia and Oceania, including the Malay Archipelago and Northern Australia. Most species are found in the wild, but a few have been domesticated and are grown as crops in the tropics. Musa plants are large herbs with pseudostems formed from leaf sheaths. The leaves are enormous and spirally arranged, with pointed tips. The flowers are bisexual and borne in dense clusters. The fruit is a fleshy berry that ripens and softens as it matures. Musa plants reproduce through a process of vegetative propagation. Side shoots are removed from the mother plant in spring and replanted. These side shoots will develop into new plants that are clones of the parent. Musa plants can also be propagated by seeds. Seeds should be soaked for 72 hours before germination.


Why Musa won't bloom? The reason this happens is because the plant is trying to reproduce. The flowers that the plant produces are called inflorescences. The flowers are usually white, but they can be any color. The plant produces these flowers in the summertime.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Musa? Because Musa is a plant that is generally easy to grow, many people choose to transfer it to their gardens or personal green spaces. The best time to transfer Musa is in the spring, when the plant is beginning to show new growth. For those with large plants, it is also recommended to remove the top layer of soil before transferring, as this can help the plant to take root more easily.

Caring The Musa

How to care the plant? known as the Banana plant They are evergreen perennial herbs that are often mistaken as trees. They are fast growers reaching up to 6 to 7 feet in height. They have large, paddle-shaped leaves that can grow up to 2 feet long and 12 inches wide. They produce white flowers that grow in clusters. The flowers are followed by fruits that are yellow, green, or red when ripe.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Musa plant? The plant is from the Musaceae family and is native to Southeast Asia. The Musa is a perennial herb that can grow up to 30 feet tall. The plant has large, paddle-shaped leaves that can be up to 6 feet long and 2 feet wide. The Musa plant is usually found in humid, tropical climates. The plant requires full sun and well-drained soil to grow properly. The Musa plant is not very tolerant of cold temperatures and can be killed by frost. The plant is also not very tolerant of drought conditions. The Musa plant is usually propagate by suckers or by seed.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Musa poisonous? When the Musa plant is ingested, it can cause severe illness or death in humans and animals. The Musa plant contains a toxic compound called Muscarine, which is a cholinergic agonist. Muscarine binds to muscarinic receptors and causes activation of the parasympathetic nervous system. This can lead to increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, and increased respiratory rate. In severe cases, Muscarine can cause convulsions, coma, and death.