How to Grow Myrtus - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Bush Category   /   2023

Myrtus, also known as myrtle, is a flowering plant in the genus Myrtus, Myrtaceae family. It is native to the Mediterranean region.

How to Grow Myrtus - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Myrtus plant? When it comes to taking care of a Myrtus, it is an easy plant to take care of. It does not require a lot of water or sun, which makes it ideal for people who do not have a lot of time to take care of their plants. The only difficulty that you may have is keeping it away from children and pets, as the leaves and berries of the plant are poisonous.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The myrtus is a compact shrub that can reach heights of up to 1-1.5 m in room conditions. It has a dense, rounded habit and produces dark green, glossy leaves. The myrtus is a popular plant for hedges and topiary, and its compact size makes it ideal for small gardens. The myrtus is also a popular choice for indoor plants, as it is tolerant of low light levels and can be grown in a pot.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? When planting myrtus in open ground, it is necessary to take into account that this is a heat-loving and drought-resistant plant, therefore it does not need special care. Loamy and sandy soils are suitable for it, with good drainage. It grows relatively slowly, for a year depending on the variety can increase by 10-15 cm.

Myrtus Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Bush
Family Myrtaceae
Origin Mediterranean, Azores, North Africa

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The myrtle is a perennial plant. It lives for more than two years. The plant grows and blooms during the spring and summer. It dies back in the fall and winter.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The myrtle prefers room temperature and can drop its leaves if it gets too hot. In winter, it is best to cool it down to a temperature of 37.4-41 degrees Fahrenheit.

Humidity

What about the humidity? Eventually, the leaves of myrtus plants will begin to fall off if the air around them is too dry. To combat this, it is necessary to spray the plant periodically. In winter, when myrtus plants are kept in warm conditions, it is also necessary to spray them more frequently to prevent the leaves from falling off.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Because myrtle is a Mediterranean plant, it requires a sunny place with a slight shade. If there is insufficient light, the myrtle will not bloom. Under conditions of scattered light, the leaves are more juicy, but the bloom is weak.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Myrtus? The Myrtus plant prefers rich weakly acidic soil that is well drained. You can make your own Myrtus plant soil by mixing 1 part garden soil, 1 part coarse sand or perlite, and 1 part moist peat or humus. Be sure to use a pot with a hole in the bottom to allow for proper drainage.

Watering Time

How much I must water Myrtus? Unless your myrtus plant is in a very humid environment, you will need to water it regularly. In summer, water it once a week, but give it a lot of water so that the soil is thoroughly moistened. In winter, water it every 8-10 days. Let the soil dry out a bit between waterings, but if it gets too dry, the leaves will fall off.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The best time to fertilize Myrtus is from spring to autumn every 3-4 weeks with complex fertilizer without lime. You can also use organic fertilizers, which are good for the plant.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Myrtus? Since myrtus is a rather unpretentious plant, it can be easily propagated by cuttings. Apical cuttings are taken at a soil temperature of 77 ° F. Cuttings 7-8 cm long are cut from the side shoots, or 5-6 cm long – from the main non-flowering shoot. The lower leaves are cut off, the cut is processed with corn root. Plant cuttings in a mixture of peat and sand and cover with a film. Root at room temperature. Cuttings take root in 2-3 weeks, after which they are planted separately. It can be easily spread by seeds, but they germinate for a long time. They are sown to the surface of the substrate from peat and sand, the top is lightly sprinkled with soil, covered with polyethylene and germinated in scattered light at a temperature of not less than 69,8 ° F. It is timely to form the crown, pinching the sprout at the correct height. Young plants bloom on the 2nd-3rd year.

Bloom

Why Myrtus won't bloom? So, In the late spring, it has white fragrant flowers. But, If it doesn't have flowers, It develops dark blue or white pleasant berries instead.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Myrtus? Sometimes, when you buy a myrtle in a pot in a store, you can find that it has already formed a large earthy coma and barely fits in the pot. In this case, it is necessary to transplant the myrtle into a larger pot. It is best to do this in the spring, as soon as the young leaves appear. You will need a fairly deep pot, 2-3 cm more in diameter than the previous one. Adult myrtle plants are transplanted every 2-3 years. When transplanting, the root neck can not be buried.

Caring The Myrtus

How to care the plant? Since it is a Mediterranean plant, myrtle loves the sun and heat, so in winter it is best to keep the plant in the garden. The plant does not tolerate drafts, so be careful not to put it near the door or window. In winter, myrtle can lose some of its leaves, but this is normal. The plant requires regular pruning in the spring and pinching, especially small-leaved forms. Myrtle is very easy to form. For example, it is often grown in the form of a stump tree, cutting off the side shoots until the plant reaches the desired height. After this, cut off the tip and begin to form a spherical crown, continuing to remove the lower lateral shoots. Sometimes a tree is formed from several cuttings of myrtle, which are fastened together by a thin wire.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Myrtus plant? The main thing - to provide him with a comfortable existence. Do not put it on the hot sun, and in the shade of the myrtle feel great. The plant does not like drafts, so the windows in the winter need to close the curtain. It is important to know that myrtle - a thermophilic plant, so the room should not be lower than 18 degrees. Water the plant should be moderate. In winter, watering is reduced. The soil should always be slightly moist. If the leaves begin to fade - this is a sure sign that the plant lacks moisture.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Myrtus poisonous? Although the oil from the Myrtus communis plant is used as a flavoring and medicinal agent, the plant is toxic if ingested in large quantities. All parts of the plant contain a volatile oil that can cause headaches, vomiting and diarrhea if consumed in large amounts. The oil is also a skin irritant and can cause contact dermatitis.