How to Grow Phoenix - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Trees Category   /   2023

Phoenix, also known as the Growing Phoenix Plant, is a beautiful and unique plant that has many benefits. It is known to help purify the air and help with anxiety and stress. The plant is also known to be a natural humidifier and can help improve the quality of your skin.

How to Grow Phoenix - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Phoenix plant? If you live in warm climate area, it is very easy to grow a Phoenix plant. It can tolerate high temperature and long drought periods. This plant is also known as "Date Palm" because its fruit looks like a small date. The plant grows up to 20 feet tall.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Common varieties of phoenix range from 6-10m in height and about 1.5m in width. In a pot, however, they are much smaller, usually only reaching heights of 6m.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Unless this is a very young plant, 15-20 cm per year is very slow growth. Mature Phoenix canes can grow up to 2.5 m (8.2 ft) in a year under ideal conditions. If your plant is not growing at this rate, it is probably not getting enough light.

Phoenix Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Tree
Family Aracaceae
Origin Canary Islands, Crete, North Africa, Iraq, Iran, Arabian Peninsula

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Since it is a perennial, it can live for years and years if given the proper care.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The upper limit is 75,2°F. The optimum temperature is 64,4-69,8°F. In winter, preferably 53,6-60,8°F.


What about the humidity? The plant should be sprayed with soft, settled water at least twice a week in summer. In winter, it should be sprayed less frequently.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Because the Phoenix is a tropical plant it needs bright light, but not direct sunlight, which will scorch its leaves. The best place to put your Phoenix is near a south, south-west, or south-east window. To help the plant grow evenly, turn it occasionally so all parts of the plant get enough light.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Phoenix? The best soil for a Phoenix plant is a mix of two parts sod land, two parts wet peat and humus, and one part coarse sand or perlite. This mix will provide adequate drainage while still retaining moisture. A pot with a hole is required.

Watering Time

How much I must water Phoenix? Unless the plant is wilting, it's best to underwater. Abundant in summer, 2-3 times a week. In the autumn and in the spring – once a week. In winter, less often – every 14 days, the soil in winter should be hardly wet, it should dry up to a depth of 5-6 cm.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The reason to feed your Phoenix regularly is to maintain its color and health. A good rule of thumb is to fertilize your Phoenix every two weeks from spring to autumn using a soluble fertilizer made specifically for palms.


How to reproduce Phoenix? When the temperature is just right and the seeds have been soaked overnight, they can be sown into a mixture of peat and perlite. The germination process can take up to two months and the seedlings grow very slowly. You can also grow Phoenix dactylifera from the bones of edible dates. Phoenix roebelinii can reproduce by lateral offspring.


Why Phoenix won't bloom? Unless the pot is big enough and has good drainage, the plant will not bloom. The plant needs full sun and a minimum temperature of 50 F. If the plant is not blooming, check for these things first.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Phoenix? Sometimes, though not often, a young palm needs to be transplanted in the spring. This is because the plant is not doing well where it is originally planted. When transplanting a large specimen, it is only necessary to change the topsoil. The plant needs a deep pot (at least 30 cm deep), with a pot tapering downwards. The root system of the plant is very powerful.

Caring The Phoenix

How to care the plant? Sometimes, in the summer it is desirable to take the plant out on the street. You need to regularly remove the dried leaves in the base of the plant. Also, it is necessary to ventilate the room more often, but do not keep the plant in a draft. The leaves should be wiped periodically with a damp cloth. The spiny tips of the leaves are dangerous for children.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Phoenix plant? The reason for the decline and death of the plant may be spider mites, chervets, scutes, thrips. Also, the plant can die from rotting of the apical kidney, fusariosis, phytophthora disease. The leaves of the plant fall off, they can wrinkle and become brown with insufficient watering. The tips of the leaves become dry in dry air. Lower leaves become brown and dry in too dry and hot an atmosphere. Young leaves can become brown as a result of sunburn. Young leaves can open ahead of time due to root damage or excessive moisture in the soil. The leaves darken and fade in conditions of too low a temperature. Growth slows down due to lack of nutrients.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Phoenix poisonous? Since the 1990s, there have been reports of people becoming ill after coming into contact with the sap of the Phoenix dactylifera, more commonly known as the date palm. The symptoms, which can include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, are usually mild and last for only a few hours. However, in rare cases, the sap can cause more serious problems, such as kidney failure.