How to Grow Plumeria - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Shrubs Category   /   2023

Plumeria, also called frangipani, is a tropical tree that produces beautiful flowers. The flowers can be white, pink, yellow, or red, and they have a sweet fragrance. The tree is native to Central America and the Caribbean, but it can be grown in other parts of the world.

How to Grow Plumeria - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Plumeria plant? The Plumeria is an easy to grow and maintain plant. They are drought tolerant and can be grown in a wide range of climates. Plumeria can be propagated from seed, but it is more commonly propagated from cuttings. The Plumeria does not require much fertilizer, but it will benefit from an occasional feeding.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Since it is a tropical plant, the Plumeria can reach 2m or more. If you don't prune it, the branches can get very long.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The Plumeria is a fast growing plant and can reach up to 25-30 cm per year, if not cut. The plant can be cut back to encourage bushier growth.

Plumeria Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Shrub
Family Apocynaceae
Origin Central and South America

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? known as the “plumeria”, is a tropical plant that produces beautiful flowers. The plant can live for many years, and the flowers can last for several weeks. The flowers are often used in leis, and they are also popular as decorative items in homes and businesses. Plumeria plants are relatively easy to care for, and they do not require a lot of maintenance.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The plant prefers hot weather and needs good ventilation in the summer when the temperature is 75.2-84.2 degrees Fahrenheit. In the winter, the temperature should not be below 60.8-64.4 degrees Fahrenheit.

Humidity

What about the humidity? So, in order to maintain the required humidity, it is necessary to regularly spray the plumeria with soft, dewatered water, avoiding falling on the flowers. In addition, it is also desirable to put the plumery in a pallet with wet claydite or moss, so that the bottom does not touch the water.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? So, In other words, if you want your Plumeria to prosper and bloom, you should make sure it gets at least six hours of direct sunlight every day. This is especially important in the autumn and winter.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Plumeria? Although you can grow plumeria in almost any type of soil, it does best in a well-drained, sandy loam. If your soil is heavy, add organic matter such as compost or peat moss to lighten it. You can also grow plumeria in pots or containers. Use a good quality potting mix that contains sand or Perlite to ensure good drainage.

Watering Time

How much I must water Plumeria? Because it is a tropical plant, it needs more watering than other plants. In the summer, the upper layer of the soil should dry a little between waterings. In autumn and winter, after the leaves have fallen, the intensity of irrigation is reduced, the soil is kept in a semi-dry state, but it is not allowed to dry completely. Water should never be retained in a pot. It is impossible to allow abundant watering in cold and cloudy weather.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. If you have a Plumeria plant, you need to fertilize it. A complex fertilizer is introduced in the beginning of the growth in spring. From May to September, they are fed twice a week with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants enriched with microelements. You can use foliar top dressing, especially for plants that stand in the open air and those plants that are watered a lot. Part of the nutrients are washed out through the drainage hole. For sheet dressings, a fertilizer is diluted twice and every 7-10 days the plant is sprayed on a cool evening time on both sides of the leaf. In autumn and winter, the plumery is not fed.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Plumeria? Unless you are growing a plumeria from seed, you will need to take cuttings from an existing plant in order to propagate it. The best time to take cuttings is in the autumn or winter, and you can use either softwood or semi-ripe cuttings. The cuttings should be taken from the upper part of the plant, and the cut should be made at an angle. Once you have taken the cuttings, you will need to store them for a month before planting them. Before planting, dip the cut end of the cutting into water, and then into a rooting hormone powder. You can then plant the cutting in perlite, or in a mixture of perlite and soil. For stability, you can fill the bottom of the pot with soil, then add a layer of perlite, and place the cutting so that the cut end is completely submerged in the perlite. Top the pot off with more soil, and place the cutting in a bright location at a temperature of 75-82 degrees Fahrenheit. Water the cutting sparingly, and rooting should occur within 2-3 months. The appearance of new leaves is a sign that the cutting has rooted. If the cutting had flower buds, the plumeria plant may bloom in the first year. Otherwise, it will bloom the following year. You can also propagate plumeria plants from seed. Sow the seeds in 6-cm pots, and once the seedlings have emerged, transplant them into 8-9 cm pots. Plumeria plants grown from seed will usually bloom within 2-3 years, but they may not exhibit the same characteristics as the parent plant.

Bloom

Why Plumeria won't bloom? The blooms almost all year round, but mainly during the summer months from July to October. The flowers can be pink, red, yellow-white, and they have a very pleasant smell—especially in the morning.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Plumeria? Although Plumeria are fast growers, they are typically transplanted annually when young and every 2-3 years when older. The pot must be voluminous and deep enough to accommodate the powerful root system. The larger the pot, the taller the plant. To avoid excessive growth, the root system can be trimmed by 5-7 cm during transplantation. With adult plants, only the top layer of soil needs to be replaced. Young plants need to be transplanted more often as they grow, as soon as roots appear from the drainage hole.

Caring The Plumeria

How to care the plant? Since Plumeria is a tropical plant, it needs warm conditions to grow and bloom. It should be kept in a temperature range of 18 to 30 degrees Celsius. In winter, the plant has a rest period from 3 weeks to 1.5 months, the lower part of the foliage falls off at the same time. Then new leaves or flowers begin to appear. In the spring, in order to avoid burns, the plumery should be gradually accustomed to the bright sun. In summer, the plant is better placed in the garden or on the balcony in a place protected from rain and wind. The plant loves airing. It is necessary to form the crown of the plant: constant pruning of elongated shoots in the spring after the end of the rest period. Flowering is usually observed only on the branches of the current year. It is necessary to trim too long, weak and deformed branches, as well as the blackened ends of the shoots.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Plumeria plant? Common problems are scab, mealybug and fungal infections. Also, the plant does not bloom if the buds are not open, usually due to lack of light. The plumeria is stretched, the shoots are thinning also due to lack of lighting.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Plumeria poisonous? While the flowers of plumeria are beautiful and have a sweet fragrance, the plant is toxic. The sap of the plumeria plant contains toxins that can cause skin irritation, redness, and swelling. If the sap of the plumeria plant gets on your skin, it is important to wash it off immediately. If you have a reaction to the sap of the plumeria plant, it is important to seek medical attention.