How to Grow Primula - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2023

Primula, or Primrose, is a plant that is part of the primrose family. There are many different types of primrose, and they can be found in a variety of colors, including white, yellow, pink, and purple. Primroses are typically grown as annuals, meaning they only last one growing season. However, some varieties of primrose are perennial, meaning they will come back year after year.

How to Grow Primula - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Primula plant? Sometimes, people think that growing a plant is a difficult task that requires a lot of knowledge and effort. However, this is not always the case. There are some plants that are very easy to grow, and the Primula plant is one of them. This plant is native to the mountainous regions of Europe, and it is very adaptable to different types of climates and soil types. It can also tolerate a wide range of temperatures, making it a very versatile plant. The Primula plant is also very easy to care for, and it does not require a lot of maintenance.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Because they are smaller in stature, Primula are often used as groundcover or in rock gardens. They are also popular in window boxes or as edging plants. Depending on the species, Primula plants usually range from 25 to 30 cm in height.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The average Primula plant will grow to be between 6 and 12 inches tall. They will have a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant with a flower stalk that extends up from the center of the rosette. The flowers are typically a deep yellow color, but can also be white, pink, or purple. Primula plants prefer to grow in shady areas with moist soil.

Primula Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Primulaceae
Origin China

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? So, Primula Chinese is grown for 1-2 years and then it is no longer considered decorative.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Common Primula or Primula vulgaris can grow in different climatic conditions, but for the best flower performance, the temperature should be in the range of 50-60,8 ° F. If the temperature is too high, the plant will stop blooming. In winter, the minimum temperature for primroses is 41 ° F.


What about the humidity? Although this plant does not like direct sunlight, it does like humidity. The best way to provide humidity is to put the pot on a tray of wet pebbles. This will help to prevent the bottom of the pot from drying out and also help to prevent the leaves from drying out.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? When it comes to Primula lighting, this plant prefers bright, indirect sunlight. However, in the winter months, it's best to give the plant at least a little direct sun from a west- or east-facing window.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Primula? The Primula plant prefers soil with an acidity of pH 5.5-6.5. For soil that you prepare yourself, you can take equal parts of peat, leaf land, and humus, with a little sand. The Primula can also be grown in peat. It is mandatory to use drainage.

Watering Time

How much I must water Primula? The reason you water Primula plant is to keep the leaves from drying out and to keep the soil moist. You should never let the water stand on the leaves because it will cause them to rot. After the plant flowers, you should reduce the amount of water you give it to about 1-2 times a week.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Although this plant is not a heavy feeder, during the flowering period every two weeks, liquid fertilizer will bring out the best in your plants. Use a complete fertilizer with an N-P-K ratio of 20-20-20.


How to reproduce Primula? The plant can be propagated by seed, which is best done in early spring. The seed should be sown in a mixture of peat and sand, and lightly sprinkled with soil. The temperature for germination should be 64.4-68 degrees Fahrenheit. After the appearance of seedlings, they are transferred to light. Seeds germinate long enough, about 4 weeks. When the seedlings grow up (6-7 weeks), they are transplanted to separate pots. Another way to reproduce the plant is by dividing the bush during transplantation. The plant can also be propagated by stem and leaf cuttings. To do this, the leaf with the kidney and the base of the shoot is placed in a separate pot, kept in shading, at a temperature of 60.8-68 degrees Fahrenheit and moderate moistening.


Why Primula won't bloom? The reason that this plant blooms for such a long time is that it is a hybrid. It was created by crossing two other primrose plants. The Chinese primrose can bloom all winter long, which is amazing because most other plants cannot bloom during that time. The flowers are white, red, and pink, and they are on long legs.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Primula? Unless you have a very young primula that was started from seed in late spring or early summer, it's best to wait until fall to transplant your primula. If you do need to transplant in spring, do so before the plant flowers. Primula are easily transplanted and will quickly adjust to their new home if the transplanting is done properly.

Caring The Primula

How to care the plant? While in bloom, keep primroses in a cool room out of direct sunlight. After flowering, the plant can be moved outside. It is best to wait until all danger of frost has passed. The plant has a period of rest after flowering. When you purchase primroses, select only beginning blooming plants with lots of buds. Flowers should be removed as they wilt. Also remove wilted and yellowed leaves. Clean the leaves of the plant with a soft brush.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Primula plant? The plant is easily affected by gray and brown rot with excessive watering. It is also often attacked by spider mites, aphids, scabies, thrips, and viral diseases. The root system is often affected by weevils of the weevil family. Soft yellowish leaves indicate excessive watering.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Primula poisonous? When coming into contact with the sap of the plant, it can cause skin irritation, redness, and burning. If you have any kind of allergy, it is best to wear gloves when handling this plant.