How to Grow Schlumbergera - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Cactus Category   /   2022

Schlumbergera, or Christmas cactus, is a small plant that is easy to grow indoors. Christmas cactus does best in bright, indirect light and should be watered when the soil is dry to the touch. These plants are known for their ability to bloom indoors during the winter months, making them a popular holiday gift.

How to Grow Schlumbergera - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Schlumbergera plant? Unless you live in a very hot or very cold climate, these plants are very easy to grow. They like a bright spot, but can tolerate some shade, and prefer a slightly acidic soil. They are drought tolerant, but prefer to be kept moist, and will do best if you let the soil dry out between waterings. They are not fussy about fertilizer, but will benefit from a light feeding in the spring.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The average Schlumbergera plant is around 40-50 cm in height and width. However, there is a great deal of variation in size between different species and cultivars. Some varieties can remain quite small, while others can grow to over a metre in height.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The Schlumbergera is a cactus that does not grow very tall, only about several centimeters per season. This plant is also known as the Christmas or Thanksgiving Cactus because it blooms around those holidays. The blooms are typically red, but can also be pink, white, or yellow. The plant does best in bright, indirect light and prefers to be on the drier side, so be sure to let the soil dry out completely between watering.

Schlumbergera Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Cactus
Family Cactaceae
Origin Southeast of Brazil

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? known as Christmas or Thanksgiving cactus, Schlumbergera is a genus of cactus that blooms indoors around the holidays. The plant is native to the rain forests of Brazil, where it grows on trees or rocks in shady areas. Most Schlumbergera are epiphytes, meaning they grow in soil that is high in organic matter and do not require much watering.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? The plant requires a certain temperature to maintain healthy growth. In the summer, the room temperature should be around 80.6 degrees Fahrenheit. However, as autumn approaches, the temperature should be lowered to 51.8-53.6 degrees Fahrenheit. It is also useful to leave the plant on the balcony in autumn. When winter arrives and buds appear, the temperature should be raised to 59 degrees Fahrenheit at night and 68 degrees Fahrenheit during the day.

Humidity

What about the humidity? Common names include Christmas cactus, Thanksgiving cactus, crab cactus and holiday cactus. Native to the coastal mountains of south-eastern Brazil, they are a popular houseplant in temperate regions. They grow on trees or rocks near streams in shady, humid locations at altitudes of around 1,300 m. To maintain the optimum level of humidity for your Schlumbergera plant, regular spraying with soft water is required if the temperature is above 60.8 degrees Fahrenheit. This will help to prevent the plant from becoming too dry, which can lead to problems such as dropped flowers or leaves.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? The Schlumbergera, or Christmas cactus, is a popular houseplant that is easy to grow. It blooms indoors in winter, typically around Christmastime, giving it its common name. The plant does best in bright, diffused light. In the summer, it is best to provide shade from direct sunlight. In winter, the lighting should be bright.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Schlumbergera? Common ly known as Christmas cactus, Schlumbergera is a small genus of cacti with six to nine species found in the coastal mountains of south-eastern Brazil. Schlumbergera are epiphytes, meaning they grow on trees or other plants in the wild. In cultivation, they are commonly grown in pots and require a well-humified substrate. For a mixture of own preparation, take equal parts of coarse-grained sand or perlite, turf ground, leaf earth, and peat. Good drainage is required.

Watering Time

How much I must water Schlumbergera? The plant needs to be watered every 3-5 days during summertime. It is harmful to the plant to let the earthy coma dry out, and to let the moisture stagnate. From October to December, watering should be rare--about 1 time per week. Once buds appear again, water the plant as often as in the summer. After the plant has flowered, water it every 2 weeks.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The plant fertilizer is a very important part of the plant's diet. It is best to use a fertilizer that is high in phosphorus and low in nitrogen. This will help the plant to bloom better.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Schlumbergera? The reason that Schlumbergera is so easily propagated by cuttings is because the stems of the plant are very brittle and segmented. The segmented nature of the stems allows for the easy breaking off of a piece of the stem, which can then be used as a cutting. The cuttings can be dried for a short period of time, after which they can be rooted in a mixture of peat and sand.

Bloom

Why Schlumbergera won't bloom? Although it blooms in autumn and winter, its flowers are pink, scarlet, or white and dlinnotrubchatymi, meaning they are long and not very wide. Each flower is about 2.5 cm long and located at the end of the plant's shoots. In nature, birds pollinate the flowers, so if you have the plant at home, the seeds will not ripen.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Schlumbergera? Eventually, every 3-4 years, the Schlumbergera plant will need to be transferred to a new pot. The best time to do this is either after it has flowered or in March – April. When transplanting, be sure to use a well-draining potting mix and a pot that is only slightly larger than the current one. Water the plant thoroughly after transplanting and then place it in a bright location out of direct sunlight.

Caring The Schlumbergera

How to care the plant? Unless you live in a warm climate, you'll probably have your Schlumbergera truncata (commonly called Thanksgiving or Christmas cactus) growing indoors. These plants are epiphytes, which means they grow in the crevices of trees in their native Brazil. They are easily grown in pots and will thrive with just a little attention. Here are some tips on how to care for your Schlumbergera truncata. When your plant is blooming, water it about once a week. Let the soil dry out completely between waterings. During the winter months, when the plant is not actively growing, water it only about once a month. Fertilize your plant every two weeks during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer. Be sure to flush the pot with clear water every few months to prevent the build-up of fertilizer salts.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Schlumbergera plant? If the temperature is below + 50 ° F in autumn, flower buds may not appear. Also, the plant is picky about drafts and temperature drops: the buds and flowers can fall off. In terms of power, the plant needs a lot of it for normal growth. And if there is a shortage of power, the segments grow too slowly.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Schlumbergera poisonous? The Schlumbergera plant is a popular houseplant, but it can be toxic to both humans and animals if ingested. The plant contains saponins, which are poisonous to humans and animals if ingested. Symptoms of toxicity include vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. If you suspect your pet has ingested the Schlumbergera plant, please contact your veterinarian immediately.