How to Grow Sparmannia - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Shrubs Category   /   2023

Sparmannia, also known as African lily, is a genus of flowering plants native to Africa. The genus includes two species, Sparmannia africana and Sparmannia riciniata, which are both evergreen herbs. The leaves of Sparmannia are large and lanceolate, and the flowers are white and fragrant.

How to Grow Sparmannia - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Sparmannia plant? The Sparmannia is an easy to grow plant that does not require much care. It is a hardy plant that can tolerate some neglect and still thrive. With its large, glossy leaves and fragrant flowers, the Sparmannia makes a beautiful addition to any garden.

Plant Size

How big can it be? If you grow it in a pot, Sparmannia will remain small, up to 2 m in height.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Since the plant can grow up to 50 cm per year, it's considered to have very rapid growth. The plant is named after naturalist Johann Peter Sparmann.

Sparmannia Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Shrub
Family Tiliaceae
Origin South Africa, Madagascar

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Eventually, the Sparmannia plant will die. It is unclear exactly how long Sparmannia plants live, as there has been little scientific research on the topic. However, it is generally agreed that they have a relatively short lifespan compared to other plants. The average lifespan of a Sparmannia plant is thought to be around five years, although some plants may live for considerably longer.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Although the plant is content at room temperature, in the summer it is desirable to put it on the balcony or in the garden, and in winter it is better to move it closer to the window. The optimum temperature in summer is 60.8-69.8 degrees Fahrenheit, in winter it is desirable 44.6-60.8 degrees Fahrenheit.


What about the humidity? known as African lily This plant is native to Africa. It prefers high humidity and needs daily spraying with soft water. The Sparmannia is a herbaceous perennial that grows from a rhizome. It has long, arching, dark green leaves with white veins. The flowers are white with a yellow center, and they are borne on long stalks.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? The reason Sparmannia Africana does best near a south-west facing window is because the plant requires bright, non-directional light. Sparmannia Africana also needs to be kept moist, but not wet. The best way to achieve this is to place the plant's pot on a tray of pebbles and water.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Sparmannia? Unless you are planting in extremely sandy soil, you should not need to amend the soil for Sparmannia. These plants prefer average to poor soils that are well drained. The best way to know if your soil is appropriate is to dig a hole and fill it with water. If the water drains within an hour, the soil is probably well drained enough. If the water takes longer to drain, you may need to improve the drainage by amending the soil with organic matter or coarse sand. If the water drains within an hour, the soil is probably well drained enough.

Watering Time

How much I must water Sparmannia? Since the Sparmannia is a plant that loves moisture, the soil must be constantly moist. Water the plant every 3-4 days in the summer, using warm water. In the winter, water the plant less frequently, about once a week, using water at a normal temperature. If the temperature is low in the winter, water the plant no more than once every 10 days.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. known as African lily, this evergreen herbaceous perennial is a native of South Africa. The Sparmannia has large, glossy, dark green leaves and white flowers with yellow stamens. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall and wide. Sparmannia is an easy plant to grow in full sun or partial shade and any well-drained soil. It is drought tolerant once established. Sparmannia is a great plant for adding color and texture to any garden or landscape. It is also a good choice for pots and containers. Sparmannia is an evergreen, so it will provide year-round interest in the garden. This South African native is low-maintenance and easy to grow. It is drought-tolerant once established and can tolerate full sun or partial shade.


How to reproduce Sparmannia? known as African lily. In spring, semi-mature stalk cuttings with 3 nodes 7-10 cm long can be taken from the African lily plant in order to reproduce it. These cuttings can be rooted in water or wet sand, peat or perlite, as long as the temperature is kept at least 60.8 degrees Fahrenheit. It is also desirable to pre-treat the cuttings with hormonal powder. The tops of the developing plant must be plucked at least 2 times in order to encourage growth.


Why Sparmannia won't bloom? When the plant is an adult, it blooms in May to June. The flowers are white and the stamen is yellow.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Sparmannia? So, for young Sparmannia, it's necessary to transplant them every six months.And for adults, they just need to be transplanted once a year in the spring. If the pot is too small, the plant will bloom at a younger age. If the pot is too large, then you just need to change the top layer of the soil.

Caring The Sparmannia

How to care the plant? Eventually, it likes fresh air and will grow under the care of a beginner florist with no effort. It does not like drafts. The plant requires pruning in the spring, and growth can be very strong (up to 40 cm from the base of the shoots). If the plant is very stretched, you can cut it after flowering. If possible, preferably in the summer, keep it on the street. Flowering will be abundant if the plant is provided with a cool wintering.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Sparmannia plant? Unless , of course, to understand the main features of her life. The plant is rather capricious and demands of the grower a lot of attention. Sparmannia need to water regularly, but not too much, as the roots of the plant can start to rot. Also, the plant does not like sudden changes in temperature or drafts. It is best to place Sparmannia on a windowsill in a bright room. The plant is unpretentious in food, but still needs to be fed once a month with a complex mineral fertilizer.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Sparmannia poisonous? If you want to learn more about this kind of toxicity levels in plants, please read this article. The Sparmannia plant is not poisonous to humans or animals. However, the plant does contain toxic levels of saponins. These toxic levels are not dangerous to humans or animals unless the plant is ingested in large quantities. If you are concerned about the toxicity levels in plants, please read this article.