How to Grow Strelitzia - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2022

Strelitzia, also known as bird of paradise, is a plant native to South Africa. The plant is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. Strelitzia is a genus of five species of perennial plants, all native to South Africa. The genus is closely related to the better known Bird of Paradise plant, Strelitzia reginae. All Strelitzia species are evergreen perennials. The genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom.

How to Grow Strelitzia - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Strelitzia plant? Unless you have a black thumb, the Strelitzia is about as easy to grow as a houseplant can be. It's suitable for even small-scale or beginner floriculturists. The plant is tolerant of a wide range of soils, as long as it is well-draining. It prefers bright, indirect light but can tolerate some direct sun. Water when the top inch of soil is dry, and fertilize monthly during the growing season.

Plant Size

How big can it be? While a full-grown Strelitzia is a sizable plant, it is possible to find smaller varieties that are suitable for indoor growth. The bird of paradise typically reaches a height of between 4 and 6 feet, with a spread of 3 to 4 feet. There are, however, dwarf varieties that only grow to be about 2 feet tall. These smaller varieties are more commonly seen in pots or as houseplants.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? The Strelitzia is a genus of five species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. They are all large, evergreen plants with long, thick, leafstalks and showy flowers. The flowers have three bright orange or blue petals and three green sepals that look like a bird's head. The fruit is a woody capsule that contains black seeds.

Strelitzia Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Strelitziaceae
Origin South Africa

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? The reason this plant is often found in landscaping is not just because of its beauty, but also its long lifespan. With proper care, a strelitzia plant can retain its decorative qualities for up to 10 to 12 years. After that, the plant will begin to decline and will need to be replaced with a younger one.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? So, the temperature that is comfortable for strelitzia in the summer is room temperature. In winter, it should be kept at a temperature of 53.6-57.2 degrees Fahrenheit. However, before flowering, a low temperature is necessary in order for the plant to lay flower buds. The easiest way to do this is to leave the plant on the balcony for at least one month and then move it into the room. The second way is to ensure that there are temperature changes at night during the spring. This will provide flowering in September. If the temperature falls below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, the roots of the plant will begin to die.


What about the humidity? Eventually, the leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow and fall off. This is a natural process that happens when the plant does not have enough moisture. To prevent this from happening, you should regularly spray the leaves with warm soft water, especially in summer in the heat. You can also place the pot in wet gravel or expanded clay. Another way to increase humidity for the plant is to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. In winter it is also necessary to spray with cool water.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? If the light is too strong, the Strelitzia will have small leaves. If the light is not enough, the Strelitzia will grow, but will not bloom.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Strelitzia? The plant is originally from South Africa and therefore used to sandy, well-drained soils. In the wild, the plant grows in the cracks of rocks and in the crevices of trees. You can, therefore, use a similar mixture for potting the plants. A ready-made fertile and loose general purpose soil is added, with a small amount of sand added. For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of the sod land, 1 part of the leaf earth, 2 parts of the plant earth, 2 parts of humus, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.

Watering Time

How much I must water Strelitzia? So, the plant needs a lot of watering in the summer, and the soil should always be moist. In summer, water the plant every 3 days, and in very hot weather, water it every 2 days. From September to April, water the plant every 10-15 days. Before the plant blooms, from November to March, water it only 1-2 times a month. Only in the spring will you need to water the plant more often again.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Common ly known as the bird of paradise plant, the Strelitzia is a striking, evergreen plant that produces exotic flowers. The blooms are long-lasting and make excellent cut flowers. The Strelitzia is a low-maintenance plant that does well in most soil types as long as it is well-draining. The plant should be fertilized every three weeks from April to September with a liquid fertilizer.


How to reproduce Strelitzia? The plant can be propagated by divisions of the rhizome or by seeds. Seeds however lose their germination quickly, so for normal germination, the seeds should not be older than six months. Seeds are soaked for 24 hours in warm water and then plated in a mixture of wet peat and perlite. The mixture is germinated at a temperature of 75.2-78.8 degrees Fahrenheit and covered with a film or glass. Seeds germinate in about one and a half months. The germination period is shortened if the seeds have thick skin and are sanded beforehand with emery paper. This will allow faster penetration of water to the endosperm. As soon as the sprout appears, it is transplanted into a mixture of earth and sand. As the seedlings grow, the temperature is reduced to 64.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Young plants bloom in 3-6 years, when there are 6-8 leaves.


Why Strelitzia won't bloom? While most flowers have colors in a single hue, the Strelitzia has colors that range from white to orange and yellow, set against blue flowers. The bracts, or leaves, of the Strelitzia are also orange. The plant blooms in the spring and can grow up to 15 cm in size.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Strelitzia? known as the crane flower, is a genus of five species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. It belongs to the family Strelitziaceae. The genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. A common name of the genus is bird of paradise flower / plant. The plant transfers usually take place in March-April for young plants and every few years for adults. When transplanting adults, the rhizome can be divided. The pot for an adult plant should be deep with a diameter of at least 25-30 cm. The roots of the shoot are fleshy and rather brittle, so great care must be taken when transplanting. The ranches should be sprinkled with charcoal.

Caring The Strelitzia

How to care the plant? The plant needs a rest period in winter in a well-lit room at a low temperature for better flowering.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Strelitzia plant? The main thing - to choose the right place. Strelitzia does not like direct sunlight, it is better to put in the penumbra. The soil for Strelitzia should be loose, breathable and nutritious. The plant is quite capricious, so the slightest mistake in the care leads to the fact that Strelitzia begins to hurt. At low humidity, the plant is susceptible to spider mite, scabbard, mealybug infestation. Dark spots on the leaves of Strelitzia appear due to excess moisture in the soil. The plant can lose flowers if you move the pot. In winter, the leaves of Strelitzia can fall off due to too low a temperature. Slow growth and lack of flowering can be caused by malnutrition. Due to excess moisture in the soil, the base of the stem and roots of the plant may rot.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Strelitzia poisonous? Because of these toxins, the plant is considered to be poisonous. Symptoms of poisoning include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you suspect that you or someone else has been poisoned by the Strelitzia plant, seek medical attention immediately.