How to Grow Stromanthe - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Herbaceous Category   /   2022

Stromanthe, also known as prayer plants, are native to the tropical forests of South America. These beautiful plants are known for their brightly colored leaves and their ability to "close" their leaves at night, as if they are praying. Stromanthe are easy to care for and make great houseplants.

How to Grow Stromanthe - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Stromanthe plant? known as the prayer plant, is native to the tropical forests of Brazil. It is quite complex for growing a plant, but it is easier, in comparison with kalatei. The plant has large, colorful leaves that are often variegated with white, pink, or purple. These leaves are what give the plant its nickname, as they often fold up at night, as if they were praying.

Plant Size

How big can it be? If you are looking for a plant to fill a large space, the Stromanthe is not the plant for you. It typically only grows to be 30 to 80 cm in height and width. However, if you are looking for a plant to add some color and life to a smaller space, the Stromanthe is a great option. It is known for its brightly colored leaves, which can range in color from green to pink to red. The Stromanthe is a relatively low-maintenance plant, making it a great option for those who do not have a lot of time to spend caring for their plants.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Eventually, a Stromanthe plant will develop a woody stem and can reach a maximum height of six feet. When grown indoors, however, it is more likely to only reach a height of three to four feet. This tropical plant is known for its beautiful, variegated leaves that feature shades of green, pink, and cream. The plant produces new leaves throughout the year, typically putting out five or six new leaves per year.

Stromanthe Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Herbaceous
Family Marantaceae
Origin Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? While most plants only live for a year or two, perennials come back year after year. This can be extremely helpful to gardeners who want to have a consistent garden without having to replant every year.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? Because it is a tropical plant, it requires high humidity and average temperatures of no lower than 71.6 degrees Fahrenheit. In the winter, the temperature should not drop below 71.6 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant does not like sudden changes in temperature, freezing air, or drafts.

Humidity

What about the humidity? While the Stromanthe plant prefers high humidity, it will still thrive in average household humidity. However, in order to maintain optimal growth and prevent leaf browning, a relative humidity of not less than 65% is ideal. During the summer months, the plant should be sprinkled with soft water every day and placed in a tray of wet pebbles. It is also beneficial to spray the leaves a few times a day with warm soft water, as this will prevent hard water spots from forming. In the winter, when humidity is typically lower, it is important to increase humidity around the plant. This can be done by placing the plant on a pebble tray, using a humidifier, or simply by misting the leaves more often.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? So, the best option for a stromanthe plant is bright, diffused light with some shade. If the plant gets too much light, the leaves will start to twist and the color will fade. The best place for the plant is next to a south-facing window.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Stromanthe? If you want to get the best out of your Stromanthe plant, the soil must be breathable. A mixture of sand or perlite with peat should be added if the soil is too dense. For a mixture of your own preparation, take: 1 part of leaf land, 1 part humus earth, 1/2 part sod land, 1 part coarse-grained sand or perlite and 1 part peat. Good drainage is required.

Watering Time

How much I must water Stromanthe? While the plant is actively growing during the summer months, it should be watered every 5 to 6 days to keep the soil moist, but not soggy. Use lukewarm water. If the plant is not watered enough, the leaves will start to twist and dry up. In the winter, when the plant is not actively growing, water it only once a week, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Be careful not to let the water sit in the pot or to get water on the leaves, as this can cause leaf spots.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The reason you should fertilize your Stromanthe plant is to support new growth and to keep the leaves looking vibrant. During the growing season, every 15-20 days with a liquid fertilizer, diluted twice. It is useful to feed organic fertilizers, for example, mullein.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Stromanthe? When the weather becomes warmer in late spring, it's time to think about dividing the Stromanthe plant by transplanting it. Be careful not to damage the roots of the plant. Some species of Stromanthe have leaf sockets at the end of the shoots, which take root easily. Another way to propagate Stromanthe is by stem cuttings. Cut a piece of rhizome (1.5-2 cm) under the knot, including a bit of the leaf plate. It's a good idea to twist the leaf plate into a tube to reduce evaporation. Put the cutting in water or in peat with sand and cover with polyethylene.

Bloom

Why Stromanthe won't bloom? Common ly blooms in the summer with small, white, nondescript flowers in spikelets. In S. sanguinea, the bracts are bright red. Blossom is rare.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Stromanthe? So, every 3 to 5 years, as soon as the roots start to come out from the drainage holes. When transplanting, the plant can be divided. The plant is planted in the soil more deeply than it was before. If, after transplanting, the leaves of the plant begin to droop, the plant should be placed in the shade and cover the leaves with a film to increase moisture.

Caring The Stromanthe

How to care the plant? When taking care of a Stromanthe plant, it's important to know that the leaves will form for the night - this is a normal phenomenon. In the summer, the plant can be taken out to the garden or to the balcony, but it should be protected from the wind. The plant does not like drafts and gas combustion products. If the leaves get dried, it's important to remove them in a timely manner. You can wipe the leaves with either a soft dry cloth or a brush. The plant has old, near-to-center parts of the rhizome dying off, so it should be periodically divided.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Stromanthe plant? Common problems include fading leaves, dry tissue, and growth slowdown. These problems are often caused by too little light, but can also be caused by overwatering, low temperatures, or dry air. Pests such as spider mites, mealybugs, whiteflies, aphids, and scutes can also cause problems for Stromanthe plants.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Stromanthe poisonous? The Stromanthe plant is a beautiful, tropical plant that is often used as a houseplant. However, the Stromanthe plant is actually toxic to humans and animals. The Stromanthe plant contains a chemical called strychnine, which is a very poisonous substance. If you or your pet ingests even a small amount of strychnine, it can be fatal.