How to Grow Synadenium - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Shrubs Category   /   2023

Synadenium, or African milk bush, is a fast-growing, succulent plant native to Africa. It has thick, fleshy leaves and stems that store water, making it tolerant of drought conditions. Synadenium is a popular houseplant and can be grown outdoors in frost-free climates.

How to Grow Synadenium - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Synadenium plant? Common names include touch-me-not, prickly poppy, balloon flower, crown of thorns, and dandelion of the desert. This plant is very easy to grow and is a great choice for beginners. The synadenium plant is a succulent, so it does not need a lot of water to thrive. It is a drought-tolerant plant that can be grown in a wide range of climates. The synadenium plant is also very easy to care for and is not susceptible to many pests or diseases.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Although they are capable of reaching heights of 1.5m or more, it is generally more desirable to keep the plant smaller through regular pruning.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Although Synadenium grantii can grow in many different climates, it grows best in warm climates where the temperature does not fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant can grow up to 20-25 centimeters per year and sometimes even more. The plant does best in bright, indirect sunlight but can also tolerate partial shade. Synadenium grantii is a fast-growing plant that is relatively easy to care for.

Synadenium Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Shrub
Family Euphorbiaceae
Origin Particularly common in East Africa

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? known as the tree of life, synadenium grantii is a perennial plant. The plant is said to have a lifespan of over 500 years. The tree of life is native to Africa and is found in the dry, desert regions of the continent. The tree is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family and is closely related to the Christmas tree. The tree of life has a wide, spreading canopy and a thick, woody trunk. The tree is covered in small, dark green leaves. The tree produces small, white flowers. The tree of life is a popular ornamental plant.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? So, the temperature in the summer is 68-71,6, up to 86 ° F, and in winter it's 50-53,6 ° F. However, the temperature should not be lower than 41-42,8 ° F.


What about the humidity? Because the Synadenium plant is a succulent, it does not require high humidity and actually prefers arid conditions. If you live in a humid climate, it is best to grow your Synadenium plant outdoors. If you must grow your Synadenium plant indoors, make sure to place it away from radiators and other sources of heat, as too much moisture can cause the leaves and stems to decay.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Because it is a desert plant, it needs a bright place with plenty of sunlight. It should be placed in a south-facing window.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Synadenium? The Synadenium plant prefers a soil mix that is one part turf ground, one part peat, one part humus, and one part sand. The soil should have good drainage. You can also add brick crumb and charcoal to the soil.

Watering Time

How much I must water Synadenium? The plant grows in hot climates and needs very little water to survive. In summer, watering should be done approximately once a week, allowing the soil to dry up in between watering. Sinadenium store water in their succulent stems, so too much water can be harmful. In autumn and spring, watering should be done about once every 15 days. In winter, watering should be reduced to 1-2 times a month.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. Unless your plant is in an extremely sunny location, you will want to fertilize your Synadenium once a month from spring through autumn. Use a well-balanced liquid fertilizer for cacti. A little goes a long way with this slow-growing succulent, so be careful not to overdo it.


How to reproduce Synadenium? known two types: sexual and vegetative. The vegetative way is the most reliable. The most common method of vegetative reproduction - rooting of stem cuttings. It is necessary to select the apical cuttings 12 cm long with 4-5 leaves. They are cut from the top of the shoot, wait about 2-3 days for a protective film to form on the cut. To stop the selection of milky juice, place a slice for several minutes in warm water, the cut can be powdered with ground pepper or charcoal. Cuttings are planted in a mixture of peat and sand, you can add charcoal. Place on a bright place and germinate at a temperature of not less than 68 ° F. You can root the stalk in the water. Seeds are sown in a mixture of sand and foliage, germinate in a bright place at a temperature of 64,4 ° F. The first picking is carried out after emergence (per 1 cm), after sprouting spend another pick (3 cm).


Why Synadenium won't bloom? Common ly known as Rubber vine or Indian rubber bush, Synadenium grantii is a succulent, fast-growing, woody evergreen vine that can grow up to 20 m in length. The plant is native to Africa, specifically Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Kenya. It has been introduced to many other parts of the world, including Australia, India, Malaysia, and the United States. S. grantii is a very versatile plant and can be used as a groundcover, hedge, or even as a climber. The plant has small, round, red flowers that bloom in the winter and are collected in racemose inflorescences.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Synadenium? The reason for the transfer is to promote growth. The Synadenium plant is transferred in the spring annually to promote growth. The plant is native to Africa, and is known for its healing properties. The transfer helps the plant to grow new leaves and flowers.

Caring The Synadenium

How to care the plant? The plant is unpretentious, so it can be grown at home. It is necessary to water it regularly, but in moderation, as the stem of the plant is very fragile. It is best to water it in the morning. It is necessary to spray the plant regularly, as the leaves of the plant are very susceptible to dust. The plant should be fed once a month with complex mineral fertilizer. It is necessary to replant the plant once every two years. The plant is propagated by cuttings.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Synadenium plant? Since it unpretentious and quickly takes root in any soil, does not require special care. The main thing - to provide good lighting. It is affected most often by a mealybug, and also by a scabbard, a spider mite. With a lack of light, the shoots of the sinadium are strongly stretched. When excess watering and in the cold, as well as with a lack of moisture, the lower leaves fall off. Leaves may also fall off from a lack of phosphorus in the soil. Stalk rots with excess watering at low temperature. Leaves wither, stem wrinkles from lack of moisture.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Synadenium poisonous? known that the milky sap of the plant is poisonous. If this juice gets on mucous membranes, in the eyes or on open wounds, it causes irritation.