How to Grow Syngonium - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Liana Category   /   2022

Syngonium, also known as arrowhead plants or Nephthytis, is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to tropical rain forests in southern Mexico, the West Indies, Central and South America.

How to Grow Syngonium - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Syngonium plant? The Syngonium is not the easiest to grow plant, it is hardly suitable for beginners. The Syngonium plant is known to be a little tricky to grow and is therefore not recommended for those who are new to plant care. However, with a little patience and care, this plant can be a beautiful and rewarding addition to your home.

Plant Size

How big can it be? The Syngonium can grow up to 6 m in a pot, however the shoots should be directed along a particularly curved arch.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Sometimes, the growth of Syngonium is described in vague terms like "up to 60 cm per year." While this is technically accurate, it doesn't give you a good sense of the plant's average growth rate. A more informative way to describe the growth of Syngonium would be to say that it typically grows 20-30 cm per year, with some individual plants capable of growing up to 60 cm per year.

Syngonium Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Liana
Family Asclepiadaceae
Origin about. Madagascar

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? Because they are easily propagated from stem cuttings, they have an indefinite lifespan. However, they will gradually lose their lower leaves as they age, which can make them look leggy and unattractive.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? If you want your Syngonium plant to grow and prosper, it is important to pay attention to the temperature conditions in which it will be located. So, in summer the optimum temperature for this plant is 59-75,2 ° F, in winter it is desirable to have a cooler content (57,2-60,8 ° F), with a minimum temperature of 55,4 ° F.


What about the humidity? The reason it is necessary to spray the plant is because it originates from tropical regions, where the air is always saturated with moisture. That is why it is necessary to artificially create such conditions for him at home. It should be noted that the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight, so it is best to place it on the east or west side of the house.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Common name Arrowhead plant, Goosefoot plant, African evergreen. Bright light, requires shading from the hot midday rays. Suitable south-east or south-west window. In winter, artificial lightening may be necessary.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Syngonium? If you are looking to grow a Syngonium plant, you should mix your own soil. For the mixture, you will need 2 pieces of leaf land, 1 turf ground, 1 part peat, and 1 part sand. It is important to have good drainage, so make sure to use a pot with a hole.

Watering Time

How much I must water Syngonium? The reason you want to water your Syngonium is because the plant is mostly water. Up to 90% of the plant is water so you need to give it a lot of water to keep it alive and happy. You should water your plant 2-3 times a week in the summer and 1 time every 7-10 days in the winter. You also want to make sure that you don't let the water stagnate in the pot because that will make the plant unhappy. In the winter, you should spray the plant depending on the temperature and humidity.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The syngonium is a fast-growing vine that does best with 1-2 feedings of liquid fertilizer diluted to half-strength during the growing season. If you don't want to fuss with diluted fertilizer, you can use a slow-release fertilizer at the beginning of the season.


How to reproduce Syngonium? The plant can be propagated by last year’s lateral apical cuttings. This means that a cutting that has one pair of leaves can be taken from the plant and rooted in a mixture of wet peat and sand. The temperature should be kept at 68-77 degrees Fahrenheit. Before planting, the rootstock should be treated. The container should then be covered with polyethylene or glass. Rooting usually takes up to 6 weeks.


Why Syngonium won't bloom? Eventually, it will produce small, white, star-shaped flowers that grow in umbrella-like clusters. The first peak of flowering usually occurs in May or June, though a second one might happen in September.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Syngonium? Since the syngonium is a tropical plant, it does not tolerate the cold and should be transplanted every year in the spring, when the risk of return frosts has passed. Young plants are transplanted twice a year, plants older than 2 years of age are transplanted every spring. Old plants need only change the top layer of the soil.

Caring The Syngonium

How to care the plant? While the plant does not require too much attention, there are a few key things to remember for a healthy plant. First, a cool wintering is ideal for a plentiful flowering. Second, the plant needs moderate watering and does not like drafts or products of gas combustion. Third, the plant desires support in the form of a flexible arch or hanging basket. Finally, the plant should be pruned to remove weak shoots and shortened side shoots.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Syngonium plant? The reason for this is that it is very capricious. It is most often affected by scutes, mealybugs, aphids, and spider mite. The petals and flower buds can ospypatsya if they get wet during spraying, due to the movement of the pot, and as a result drying earthen coma or due to lack of light. Leaves droop and darken at too low a temperature. Slow growth is observed with a lack of nutrients in the soil. The leaves turn yellow with water. Flower buds are twisted, if the plant is badly watered. Flowering may be absent if the plant is too young. In the absence of light, leaves may turn yellow.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Syngonium poisonous? The toxins in the Syngonium plant are most concentrated in the leaves, but the stem and root are also poisonous. Symptoms of toxicity include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you suspect that your pet has ingested any part of this plant, contact your veterinarian immediately.