How to Grow Tamarindus - Planting & Caring

By Sharon & Team   /   Trees Category   /   2023

Tamarindus, also known as tamarind, is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae, indigenous to tropical Africa. The genus Tamarindus is a monotypic taxon, having only a single species. The tamarind tree produces pods with an edible, fleshy fruit that is used extensively in cuisines around the world. Other uses include traditional medicine and metal polish.

How to Grow Tamarindus - Planting & Caring

Growing Easiness

Is it easy to grow Tamarindus plant? Because it's a small plant, it is easy to take care of. The only difficulty is that it is not very tolerant to cold weather and can die if exposed to frost.

Plant Size

How big can it be? Since it is a tropical plant, it can grow very tall in the wild, up to 25 meters. But when grown in a pot or room, its size is much smaller, about 1 meter.

Growth Rate

How fast is the growth? Although it is a tropical plant, the tamarind can grow in any hot climate as long as it has enough water. It is a slow-growing tree, however, and can take up to 15 years to reach its full height of 30 metres (100 feet). The tamarind tree has a short trunk with a thick, spreading canopy of branches and leaves. The bark is dark brown and smooth, and the branches are long and crooked. The leaves are dark green, leathery, and 10-20 cm (4-8 inches) long. The tamarind tree flowers twice a year, in spring and fall. The flowers are small and yellow, and they grow in clusters. The fruit of the tamarind tree is a pod-like structure that is 3-15 cm (1-6 inches) long and 1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 inch) wide. The fruit is brown and wrinkled, and it contains a sweet-tart pulp and many small seeds.

Tamarindus Basic Knowledge

Plant Form Tree
Family Fabaceae
Origin Tropics of Africa, Sudan

Lifespan, Perennial or Annuals

How long is the lifespan? While most plants only live for a year or two, some plants, like the tamarind tree, can live for hundreds of years. The tamarind tree is native to Africa and can live for up to 200 years. The tree grows to a height of about 30 meters and has a wide, spreading canopy. The leaves are large and leathery, and the flowers are small and white. The fruit of the tamarind tree is a brown, pod-like fruit that contains a sour, juicy pulp. The tamarind tree is an important source of food and medicine in many parts of Africa.

Ideal Temperature

What is the ideal temperature? When growning this plant, the temperature should not be below 50°F in winter and in summer it should be between 73.4-77°F. Also, it is important to protect Tamarindus from drafts.

Humidity

What about the humidity? The Tamarindus plant should be sprayed with water around 60% humidity in the morning and evening. You can also try to increase the humidity by other means. The plant can also adapt to relative air dryness if necessary.

Light Requirement

What amount of light this plant needed? Although the Tamarindus plant prefers a brightly lit place on the south or west window, it can tolerate a lack of lighting. However, when there is insufficient lighting, the Tamarindus plant's shoots will stretch.

Soil Composition

What is good soil for Tamarindus? Since the Tamarindus is a tropical plant, it needs a warm and humid climate to grow well. The best soil for tamarind is a ready-made general-purpose soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5, or a rich loose soil with the addition of a small amount of sand. For the soil of your own preparation, take 1 part of greenhouse land, 1 part of peat, 1 part of rotten manure, and 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.

Watering Time

How much I must water Tamarindus? Since this tropical plant is native to an arid climate, it does not do well if the soil is constantly soggy. It needs to dry out some between waterings, but never to the point of being bone dry. Water it more frequently, about every 3 days, during hot, dry weather.

Fertilizing and Nutritient

About fertilizer. The best time to use it is from spring to autumn and you should use it every two to three weeks. It is better to use organic Tamarindus fertilizer if you can get it.

Reproduction

How to reproduce Tamarindus? The Tamarindus tree reproduces with seeds. The seed must be large enough, and it needs to be scarified (rubbing lightly with sandpaper) before it can be planted. The seed can be placed in a damp paper towel or dropped into a mixture of peat and perlite, then lightly pressed into the mixture. Seeds are sprinkled with sand in a layer of 6 mm. The container should be covered with polyethylene, and placed in a warm place with non-directional light. Seeds generally germinate quite easily, but the substrate should be kept moist. In 7-10 days after the emergence of shoots, too thick crops are thinned out. Once they have pinnate leaves, they need to be placed in small pots and also covered with film for the first time. The plant also multiplies by air layers and stem cuttings in spring at a temperature of + 82,4-89,6 ° F.

Bloom

Why Tamarindus won't bloom? The reason it blooms in December to January is because the weather is just right and not too cold nor hot. The blooms are yellow or pink and have pink stamens. Bristly means that the blooms are close together. In rooms, the Tamarindus plant hardly ever blooms because the conditions are not right. Tamarindus is used to make drinks and seasonings. The fruit is used for this.

Transfer or Repotting

How much I must water Tamarindus? So, the best time for transplant is when the tree is 3 to 5 years old. Also, it is possible to transplant an older tree, but it is more difficult, and the success rate is lower. Transplanting a young tree is less traumatic for the plant, and it is easier to establish itself in a new location.

Caring The Tamarindus

How to care the plant? The Tamarind tree is an evergreen that can grow as tall as 20 meters. It has a long, straight trunk with a smooth, reddish-brown bark. The Tamarind's branches are covered in small, dark green leaves. The Tamarind tree produces small, brownish-yellow flowers that grow in clusters. The Tamarind tree is native to Africa, but it can also be found in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Tamarind trees need full sun and well-drained soil to thrive. They should be watered regularly, but they can tolerate periods of drought. Tamarind trees can be pruned in the spring to control their growth. They can also be grown as bonsais.

Pests & Challenges

What is the challenge when caring Tamarindus plant? The most common reason for the disease is the attack of various insects. They are most often affected by a scab, a mealybug, a spider mite. If the plant is waterlogged in the cold, the plants can begin to rot. The leaves turn yellow and the leaves fall off with insufficient watering or in too dry air. Also, the slow growth and lack of flowering of the Tamarindus may be associated with a lack of nutrients, light, or cold.

Toxic & Poisonous Type

Are Tamarindus poisonous? Eventually, if ingested in large enough quantities, it can be toxic to both humans and animals. Symptoms of tamarind poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stools, and in severe cases, tremors, seizures, and death. If you suspect your animal has ingested tamarind, contact your veterinarian immediately.